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09/22/2016 - 15:01
Climate Change


Boyd, R4 participant, next to his crops. Photo: WFP/ Evin Joyce

Boyd Mungalu, R4 participant in Pemba district in southern Zambia, says that he will remember last year’s agricultural season for the “dry spells” that caused most of his maize crop to wither and die before it could reach waist height. Boyd is one of the millions smallholder farmers across southern Zambia, and tens of million across southern Africa, whose crop production has been challenged by a late onset of rainfall, punctuated by extended dry spells due to the El Niño event. 
Boyd explains that in a good season his maize harvest, the country’s staple crop, can fill up 136 bags. During this agricultural season, the yield was enough only for 25 bags.

Yet, he says with a smile: “It was a good year for me though, my cowpeas performed very well”. Indeed, thanks to the R4 initiative that introduced him to conservation agriculture, he focused on crop diversification and on the cultivation of drought-resistant crops such as cowpeas and sunflower, which gave him an abundant harvest.


“It was a good year for me though, my cowpeas performed very well.” Photo: WFP/Evin Joyce


Mainner, R4 participant, in her garden. Photo: WFP/Evin Joyce

Mainner Chabota, another R4 participant, tells us that while in 2014 she planted 40 kg of maize seeds and 5kg of cowpea seeds, last year she applied conservation agriculture techniques learned through the R4-FAO’s Conservation Agriculture Scaling Up project (CASU) partnership, and she switched the quantity of crops planted. She decreased maize to 15 kg and increased cowpeas to 40 kg. Despite her maize crop wilted at an early stage, the cowpeas kept growing. 

“R4 has given us a good lesson. Now I need more knowledge on how to garden and how to sell my produce once it has grown.”

“R4 has given us a good lesson. Now I need more knowledge on how to garden and how to sell my produce once it has grown.” Photo: WFP/Evin Joyce

Facing El Niño with the right crops

The latest El Niño was one of the strongest on record and caused the worst drought in southern Africa in the past 35 years. Despite this, Boyd and Mainner managed to mitigate its impacts by successfully applying conservation agriculture techniques and focusing their agricultural production on crops that better resist to droughts, such as cowpeas. This allowed them to meet their subsistence needs, and Mainner even gained a surplus for sale. This was possible thanks to the R4 initiative, which combines weather-index insurance with conservation agriculture techniques by partnering with FAO’s Conservation Agriculture Scaling Up project (CASU). Such integrated approach to climate risk management improved farmers’ natural resource management, reducing their risks to climatic shocks. 

Conservation agriculture is a climate smart agriculture technique that promotes crop rotation, minimum soil tillage and permanent soil cover to restore fertility and improve productivity. The adoption of conservation agriculture promotes resilience by steadily decreasing vulnerability to climate variability and shocks over time. 

A model to build resilience

The Rural Resilience Initiative (R4) is a strategic partnership with Oxfam America that aims to strengthen farmers’ food and income security in face of increasing climate risks through four risk management strategies. R4 combines improved resource management (risk reduction), insurance (risk transfer), livelihoods diversification and microcredit (prudent risk taking) and savings (risk reserves). 

In Zambia, the R4 model has been adapted to address the specific local challenges. The Initiative targets poor and food insecure smallholder households that, provided with a set of interventions - including agricultural inputs, improved agricultural practices, as well as financial services - are able to raise their productivity to meet their subsistence needs and gain from surplus sale. 

Once farmers start practising conservation agriculture, they can access a package of risk management services, namely: 
- Weather index insurance to safeguard their investment in conservation agriculture through critical phases in the crops growing period; 
- Credit and savings, to invest in their land, as well as in other income-generating activities;
- Enhanced linkages to markets to provide farmers with the opportunity to sell their products at a fair price. 

To learn more about R4 click here.

In Zambia, smallholder farmers rely on rain-fed agriculture and constantly face challenges such as erratic rainfall, fragile soil and poor access to markets. Climate change places an additional burden on farmers’ food security by increasing the frequency and intensity of shocks including drought and flooding. That is why WFP is helping farmers build their resilience to such shocks through the Rural Resilience Initiative (R4), an integrated risk management strategy which aims to strengthen farmers’ food and income security in an uncertain world.

By Evin Joyce and Arianna Tabegna

09/22/2016 - 13:25

The simple tenet of sharing food with others who have none runs through all religions. The act of ‘breaking bread’ was the inspiration for the eponymous event co-hosted by the World Food Programme and held on 21 September during the UN General Assembly’s High Level Week in New York.

It gathered representatives from different faith-based organization to celebrate the inspirational role of faith communities in alleviating hunger and affirm joining together to accelerate progress towards the Sustainable Development Goal of Zero Hunger.

“We are gathered together tonight as communities of faith,” opened Master of Ceremonies, Joshua DuBois, who worked on faith-based partnerships for US President Barack Obama. “With the power of faith and the diligence of our work together, we believe that zero hunger is achievable in our lifetimes,” he added, setting the tone for the event which gathered representatives from different UN agencies as well as Catholic, Muslim, Jewish, Buddhist and Hindu communities and organizations.

“Hunger has no religion; hunger has no culture; hunger has no nationality. Yet every religion, every faith, requires that we feed the hungry,” said Executive Director of the World Food Programme, Ertharin Cousin.

“Tonight as we break bread, express our support and honour faith, we symbolize our friendship, commitment and solidarity towards the 795 million people who will go to bed hungry tonight, who are depending on us to change the opportunities for them,” she continued. “They depend upon our commitment to share food with those who are in need.”

A celebration of diversity

The event was marked by colorful moments of music and performance. The New York Andalus Ensemble sang a mix of Arabic and Hebrew, in a celebration of diversity. A spoken word performance by Trace DePass and Talia Wray brought to life the stories of the people that the World Food Programme serves. 

One story was of Juan from Ecuador: “Sharing food together is a blessing: having a family, a wife, and food,” his words articulated through the performers. “Food tastes better when we are together. For both my wife and for me, it is a joy to see our children satisfied after eating a meal.”

Another was the story of Zakariya, who worked to deliver food and medicine to his compatriots in Syria. “The first time I was delivering food I was so nervous. What should I say? I wanted to show them that I am exactly like them. I didn’t know how to knock on the door or how to tell them to take the food. It is hard to say how they felt when they received the food – they were happy and ashamed at the same time, and so was I.” The performance ended with his poignant words: “Food is the most important gift in life because it is life.” 

The event was streamed live on Facebook, watched by  thousands of people across the globe, many of whom shared messages of what breaking bread means to them: “Breaking bread together is what unites all and enables us to connect,” said one follower on Facebook. Another commented, “’Being able to eat whatever you want to eat is not a luxury. It’s a basic human right’ – Could not agree more.”

“Thanks for going live and letting the Facebook community around the world be part of the event. Very interesting!”


Catch up on the rest of the UN General Assembly High Level Week through our stories on Medium, and you can follow WFP at #UNGA though our FacebookTwitter and Instagram.  

The World Food Programme co-hosts Breaking Bread, an interfaith event held during the UN General Assembly’s High Level Week.

09/21/2016 - 17:04

Q/ Madame Ambassador, you recently visited Kibangu health centre in ex-Katanga province to see activities to combat malnutrition that are funded by Canada. What were your impressions?

R/ It was my first opportunity to visit a project focussed on malnutrition, a sad occurrence in too many parts of this country that should otherwise be a land of plenty. I found it very interesting and gratifying to see first-hand the interaction between the different players involved and the community and to see that our funding is clearly producing results. I especially appreciated the careful thought put into implementing integrated strategies that should help ensure sustainability, including improved food eating and harvesting habits. 

Madame the Ambassador with the nurse in chief of the Kibangu health centre. Photo © WFP/Françoise Kanam


Q/ What are your thoughts on WFP’s collaboration with local and international aid organisations? 

R/ I was very impressed with the level of dedication demonstrated by all the parties involved in supporting this effort to end malnutrition in these communities. The good results are clearly linked to the excellent integrated communication and implementation strategies put in place.

Q/ Did you have the opportunity to talk to any of the recipients of assistance? 

R/ I did have the opportunity to interact with beneficiaries and welcome appreciation of the efforts put in place to assist them in becoming healthier mothers and have healthier children. They are clearly concerned that the progress made is not lost and their requests for increased income generation and literacy opportunities reflect their understanding, a significant result in itself of the programme, that they must take charge of their lives. I encourage the local authorities to consider their needs as they move forward with socio-economic development plans for the province.

Welcome word from the community of Kibangu photo © WFP/Françoise Kanam


Q/ Canada is one of our most valuable donors.  What are the future prospects of Canada and WFP collaboration in DRC?

R/ WFP is a major partner for Canada globally.  Given the needs in the DRC, I expect that Canada will continue to turn to the WFP to help deliver the same results that I saw at the Kibungu Health Clinic. Of course, we all hope that a time will come when the DRC is able to meet the basic needs of its population and create the conditions for increased prosperity overall, but meanwhile Canada will continue to work with valued partners such as the WFP to help the most vulnerable communities in this country.


Canadian Ambassador to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Ginette Martin, recently traveled to Haut-Katanga province where she visited activities implemented by WFP with funding from the Government of Canada. Upon Ms. Ginette's return to Kinshasa, the DRC capital, we caught up with her to get her impressions of the mission.

09/21/2016 - 12:15

Across cultures, countries and religions, bread has been eaten and shared for thousands of years. Such is the central role of bread in many communities that in Egyptian Arabic the word for bread, aish, is the same as the word for life. 

Bread is also at the centre of an interfaith event, Breaking Bread, co-hosted by the World Food Programme during the UN General Assembly’s High Level Week. The term breaking bread refers to the act of tearing bread in order to share it, but also more commonly refers to coming together to share food and spread peace.

Forging a faith-inspired path to Zero Hunger

The simple tenet of sharing food with others who have none runs through all religions. At the Breaking Bread event, on Wednesday 21 September in New York at 6pm EST, the World Food Programme will be forging a faith-inspired path to the Global Goal of Zero Hunger, with partners including Islamic Relief, Caritas, FAO and others. 

Faith groups and the UN will come together to celebrate the work of many faith communities in alleviating hunger, and to commit to a strong inter-faith partnership to accelerate progress towards Zero Hunger.

With 795 million hungry people in the world today, ending hunger by the Global Goals’ deadline of 2030 is possible only with stronger partnerships with governments, civil society including religious communities, the UN, non-government groups and the private sector. 

The Breaking Bread event comes after WFP convened discussions with a broad range of religious leaders in June 2016 in Rome which provided a rich set of exchanged ideas. Inspired by that session, Breaking Bread brings partners together in an affirming celebration of the spirit of interfaith partnership to reach Zero Hunger. 

A joyous event

The Master of Ceremonies for the event is Joshua DuBois, who worked on faith-based partnerships for US President Barack Obama, and is author of a book of devotionals based on the daily uplifting messages he still sends to the President. 

Remarks will be given by Jose Graziano da Silva, Director General of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, Joseph Donnelly from Caritas Internationalis and Ingrid-Gabriela Hoven from the German Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development. Remarks and reflections will also be shared by Cardinal Pietro Parolin, Anwar Khan from Islamic Relief USA, Ramaswamy Mohan from the Hindu Temple Society of North America, Rabbi Burton L. Visotzky from the Milstein Center for Interreligious Dialogue, Ven. Chung Ohun Lee from Won Buddhism International, and Kevin Jenkins, President and CEO of World Vision. 

Musical performances will feature American  musician and singer Cody Chesnutt, and the NY Andalus Ensemble, as well as a spoken word performance by Trace DePass and Talia Wray, accompanied by musician Nkosi Nkululeko. 

A highlight of the event will be an exchange of Zero Hunger ribbons where guests will be invited to tie a ribbon around their wrist as a sign of their commitment to our collective work to end hunger. 

What does #BreakingBread mean to you? 

You can join in by following WFP on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. 

You can also follow the event partners on Twitter:
Islamic Relief @IslamicRelief
Caritas @iamCARITAS
World Vision @foodWV

The collective call to action is for everyone, whether at the event in New York or following the #BreakingBread conversation on Facebook and Twitter, to echo the message that Zero Hunger can be achieved through working together. United, we have the power to reach zero hunger.

One way that you can take part is to share your thoughts on what breaking bread means to you. Share a message, a photo or a video with the hashtag #BreakingBread. 

Event Details

Breaking Bread interfaith event
Church Centre for the United Nations, 77 United Nations Plaza
Wednesday, 21 September 2016, 1800 – 1930 EST

If you’re in New York and attending #UNGA, you can RSVP to the Breaking Bread event here:


As the World Food Programme co-hosts the interfaith event Breaking Bread during the UN General Assembly’s High Level Week, we ask what sharing this symbolic food means to you. 

09/13/2016 - 21:17

GODAN was formed to encourage world leaders to make their data in agriculture and nutrition open so that it is freely available and usable worldwide for better policy and decision-making. By opening that data, the aim is to achieve the UN goal for Zero Hunger by 2030.

Two students from Auburn University in Alabama, US, have high hopes that the summit will be the launching pad for an idea they have to end hunger in their own community. Ruthie Wofford and Molly Rhodes, both seniors, have been collaborating on an app that would connect local farmers and gardeners with important market and nutrition information, provide a step-by-step guide to gardening and farming based on weather and location, and eventually, become a platform for shared success stories.

[quote|“As a student, it would have been easy to ignore the poverty just outside the university, but when I began working with local food pantries, it became apparent to me how ingrained it is in the Lee County area where we are in school.” ~Ruthie Wofford]

The idea for the app stemmed from seeing poverty and hunger in the area surrounding their school. Lee County, in eastern Alabama, is among the highest in the nation for food insecurity, yet the terrain is very viable for farming and agriculture.

“As a student, it would have been easy to ignore the poverty just outside the university, but when I began working with local food pantries, it became apparent to me how ingrained it is in the Lee County area where we are in school,” said Wofford.

As part of the summit, GODAN will host a 24-hour hackathon for young entrepreneurs where Ruthie and Molly will have a chance to present their app, collaborate with innovators and students of all different backgrounds and source data to develop the platform.

[quote|“The hackathon will give us the opportunity to take our idea and develop it into a usable product that will make an impact back home.” ~Molly Rhodes]

“The hackathon will give us the opportunity to take our idea and develop it into a usable product that will make an impact back home,” said Rhodes.

The GODAN Summit was developed to illustrate the opening, use, and importance of agriculture and nutrition data as a critical tool in the fight against hunger. This year’s speakers include WFP Deputy Executive Director Amir Abdulla, U.S. Department of Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack, ONE Campaign Agriculture Policy Director Kate Van Waes and a slew of the brightest minds working at the intersection of food security, agriculture and nutrition and technology.

The summit will take place at the New York Hilton Midtown, 1335 Avenue of the Americas. For more information or to register:  

To learn how open data is improving food security around the world, click here.

(Picture 1: Ruthie Wofford (center) and volunteers prepping food donations for a local food bank)

(Picture 2 (left to right): Ruthie Wofford and Molly Rhodes)


On September 15-16, public and private leaders, researchers and advocates will convene in New York City at the annual Global Open Data for Agriculture and Nutrition (GODAN) Summit to address the use of “open data” in combating hunger and to showcase innovative open data success stories from across the world. Open data is data that can be freely used, re-used and re-distributed by anyone, and this summit is the largest gathering ever planned around open data in agriculture and nutrition.

09/13/2016 - 11:10

Meet Hanan Abdalla Mohammed. She lives in Shagra village in Darfur, Sudan, and has six children. Hanan is involved in a World Food Programme (WFP) project to help women safely cook food for themselves and their families. She is one of over 2 million women in Darfur reached under WFP’s Safe Access to Fuel and Energy programme, also known simply as SAFE. READ MORE HERE

09/09/2016 - 21:13
School Meals


Looking for more recipes? Visit our FamilyChef page

Introducing fresh produce in WFP Haiti’s School Meals Programme

Bezin National School is one of the 24 schools participating in WFP’s first Home Grown School Meals Programme in Haiti. WFP has partnered with local NGOs and small farmers' organizations to ensure that the children receive a daily hot meal cooked entirely with fresh locally sourced ingredients, such as local beans and sorghum.

Since January 2016, with the first delivery of fresh produce, the school has seen a marked change in attendance. Children enjoy coming to school, where they can now eat a hot lunch, and are learning about the value of local production and consumption. The added nutritional value of the home-grown produce and the support that the programme provides to the local economy are important for many parents, who willingly contribute to the school meals, both with spices as well as their time. 

How to prepare your own version of Touffé de legumes 

1) In a pot, cover the black beans with water and simmer on the stove over low heat for about 45 minutes or until tender.

2) While the beans are cooking, peel, and chop the carrots, cabbage, eggplant, and mirliton into small pieces. Boil for 30 minutes or until soft. Drain.

3) Mash all the vegetables, except carrots, with a mortar and pestle or food processor. Add the tomato paste. 

4) Heat your oil in a deep pot over low heat, and add the crushed garlic, green onions, black pepper, and dried fish. Once the mix has slightly browned, add the precooked black beans.

5) Rinse the sorghum or millet under running water. In a separate pot, cover with water and boil over low heat for 15 minutes. Drain and add to the beans. 

6) Divide the sorghum and bean mix among 4 plates and top with vegetables. Bon appétit! 

WFP is 100% voluntary funded. This home grown school meals pilot is possible thanks to financing from the Brazilian Government in coordination with the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Agriculture. WFP's local implementing partners are the Reseau des Producteurs Agricoles de Nippes (ROPANIP) and the Bureau de Nutrition et Développement (BND). 

Learn More about Nippes Pilot programme: From Field To Table: Follow The Food In Haitian Home-Grown School Meals In 10 Steps.

Welcome to FamilyChef, the recipe series of the World Food Programme (WFP). Touffé de legumes, a vegetable stew, is a Haitian classic, served by WFP to school children as part of its school meals programme.

09/08/2016 - 18:02
Preventing Hunger

Marie Zuo, Musu Tokpa, and Mamiata Singbe are beaming behind a bucket full of fresh eggplants and peppers. They are part of among nearly 25 women (and a few men) of the Donfah Rural Farmers Group in Donfah, Bong County, in the north-central part of Liberia.

The group has a lot of things to be proud of. Over the past three years, they have seen swamplands metamorphose into lush rice fields and gardens heavily laden with vegetables.

How did they do it?

A mix of things. Learning, for one, to produce better rice, by using a better water and pest control mechanisms. Planting better seeds. All leading not only to grow enough food to eat, but also to have some to sale and make a profit.

In nearby Melekie, on the outskirts of Gbarnga town, the War Affected Rural Women Group are operating a mammoth 20.3 hectares of lowland covered in green rice fields.

WFP and its partner, Catalyst Incorporated, started the four-year “Community-Based Sustainable Food Security of Smallholder Rice Producers” project funded by Japan in 2013 in Bong County.

It works with 450 farmers (more than half of them women) across ten communities in Bong County.

The farmers learn how to rehabilitate swamplands into rice fields, repair or build infrastructure so that they have easier access to markets to sell their products, learn how to diversify their food productions by establishing vegetable gardens whilst receiving WFP food assistance for their work - as part of WFP's Food for Assets programme-as well as seeds for planting.

It is a perfect example of people transforming their communities and their lives with the right type of support.

Photos and text: WFP/John Monibah 




In rural Liberia, thanks to the support of the Government of Japan, WFP and its partners, hundreds of farmers have transformed swamplands into lush rice fields and created gardens heavily laden with vegetables.

09/02/2016 - 14:32
Purchase for Progress

Levels of food insecurity and undernutrition remain persistently high in Afghanistan. One of the ten countries with the highest burden of undernourished children, it is affected by some of the highest infant, child and maternal mortality rates in the world. As bread is the staple food for most families in Afghanistan, using flour that is fortified with essential vitamins and minerals is both a practical and feasible solution to address micronutrient deficiencies across the population, and ultimately contribute to a world of Zero Hunger.

WFP supports mills making fortified flour, and then buys the flour to provide to vulnerable people – such as in the food-assistance programme for displaced families.
On a recent visit, the World Food Programmes’s Executive Director Ertharin Cousin helped highlight how the project is combating malnutrition and helping Afghan economic development.

“The majority of poor people in Afghanistan are farmers working in rural areas, working in agriculture,” she said. “It’s not just about increasing quality and quantity, it’s about ensuring that those farmers have access to reliable, sustainable and durable markets, and that’s what this mill provides.” 

WFP Executive Director Ertharin Cousin meets with Bakhtar Mill Manager Abdul Mateen, during her visit to Afghanistan. Photo: ©WFP/Jeanne Spillane

WFP began supporting local flour fortification in 2006 in five mills across Afghanistan, and now provides equipment and the vitamin and mineral mix – known as premix – to 27 mills across the country. Bakhtar Mill, which joined WFP’s fortification programme in 2011, has produced 13,500 metric tons of fortified wheat flour so far this year. In the first 6 months of 2016, WFP-supported mills in Afghanistan produced 67,000 mt of fortified flour, enough for more than 400,000 people to eat bread made from WFP fortified flour.

The Executive Director asked manager Abdul Mateen Rahimi if the mill would continue to produce fortified flour if WFP were no longer a buyer. He replied that now they are aware of the importance of fortification, and their customers recognize the high quality of the flour they produce, he expected the market for their flour to continue to grow.

Through its Purchase for Progress (P4P) programme, WFP supports smallholder farmers by connecting them to markets – giving them an opportunity to grow their businesses and improve both their lives and those of their entire communities. 

WFP has provided training to 27 mills across Afghanistan. Photo: ©WFP/Wahidullah Amani 

With its launch in Afghanistan in 2009, P4P has been sourcing locally produced wheat from smallholder farmers’ organizations to link them to the market. As a result, 20,000 smallholder wheat farmers are now organized in 86 farming cooperatives, and millers are required to locally source 30 to 50 percent of the wheat grain used to produce flour for WFP distributions. Since July 2015, WFP has provided only locally fortified wheat flour – as the cereal component of its food basket – under its food-assistance programmes.

WFP’s flour-fortification programme supports the government’s National Nutrition Policy and targets the general population. WFP has also been working with the government on food-quality and control standards, has helped set up the Afghanistan Fortified Flour Producers’ Association, and is supporting the Ministry of Public Health in communicating the benefits of fortified foods.

Tucked away on an industrial estate in the urban area of Afghanistan’s capital Kabul, the Bakhtar Flour Mill may seem an unlikely location for a project that not only supports smallholder farmers, but also helps to improve the nutrition of hundreds of thousands of Afghans. 

08/31/2016 - 19:31
School Meals

My memories of Adolfo are framed by his operational capacity, leading missions covering over 600 kilometers from the remote Nicaraguan Pacific to the vast plains and the coasts of the Caribbean Sea. WFP delivers much needed food to indigenous and Afro-descendant groups. These are the poorest and most vulnerable communities of the country. 

The Ministry of Education, with the support of WFP, is implementing school gardens as an educational tool that allows students to expand their knowledge on topics related to good nutrition. Fresh food consumption in schools is also encouraged to complement the daily school meals that students receive.

WFP Country Director, Anotonella D'Aprile, with the Vice Ministerof Education, Francis Díaz, delivering school garden supplies. 

Hailing from a family of farmers, Adolfo found the best way to show community members in the Caribbean town of Puerto Cabezas how to implement a school garden. How? By starting one himself. 

Leading By Example

There is little agricultural development on our multicultural Caribbean coast due to the acidic and unfertile soil and bad climatic conditions. In the communities, there are scarce and rudimentary agricultural tools because families do not have the habit of cultivating the land. But with the support of WFP, the Ministry of Education sent to the schools of Puerto Cabezas shovels, hoes, rakes, watering cans, wheelbarrows, pickaxes, and other gardening tools; as well as pumpkin seeds, pipian, watermelons, melons, sweet peppers, cucumbers, tomatoes and carrots to begin gardening.

The Ministry of Education’s staff provided horticultural training sessions to community leaders and members. “People were skeptical, they didn’t know how or where to begin. They didn’t trust the soil. They didn’t believe the gardens would be fruitful,” Adolfo told me later. With so much uncertainty, teachers and parents started to visit the WFP Bilwi Office seeking guidance. “I pondered on the best way to show them that not only would this work, it would be a success,” recalls Adolfo.

Tools in hand, Adolfo solicited the help of WFP Driver, Denis Duarte, together they started working on the vacant plot of land where mobile warehouses were installed. Two more co-workers, Erby Franklin and Selucia Levy, joined the initiative by watering and taking care of the plants cultivated by their colleagues. Soon, the team’s efforts showed the expected results: tomatoes, sweet peppers, watermelons and melons grew! Providing the much needed proof to the community.  

The success of Adolfo and the rest of the WFP Bilwi Office team was the needed motivation for the local community to start their school gardens. The fruits of their labor undeniable, as there is now 62 school gardens in the municipality of Puerto Calabazas.

I never imagined that my colleague, Adolfo Reyes, head of the Bilwi Office, located on the Northern coast of Nicaragua, would grab a machete and gardening tools to “complement” his work with WFP. But he did just that, to prep the land for gardening right next to the WFP Office.