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Sahel 2012 - The Response To The Hunger Crisis

Sahel 2012 - The Response To The Hunger Crisis 1

Burkina Faso: Sebba, Sahel Region.

With EU funding, WFP works together with La Croix Rouge Burkina Faso to provide innovative assistance, such as cash and vouchers.  This supports local economies and strengthens food and nutrition security, especially for women and children during the lean season, from July-October.
 

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Burkina Faso: Sebba, Yagha Region

Targeted Food Assistance, funded by the EU, aims to support the most vulnerable populations during the lean season, from July to October. Together with our partner NGO, Croix Rouge Burkina Faso, WFP provides both cash and food, which is distributed to vulnerable households in the three most food insecure regions.
 

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Burkina Faso: Sebba, Yagha Region.

In October, towards the end of the four-month lean season, a family takes home their ration which includes maize and vegetable oil. These commodities (38.5 kg) are provided to vulnerable households in the three most food insecure regions, including the Sahel.  Working alongside our NGO partner, La Croix Rouge Burkina Faso, WFP also distributes cash.
 

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Chad: Wadjigui Mao, Kanem 

At a village nutrition centre, WFP assists refugees and vulnerable people affected by drought and the recurring food crisis. The EU funds assistance including:  blanket supplementary feeding during the lean season to prevent malnutrition among children (from 6- 23 months) and lactating mothers with children under 6 months; targeted supplementary feeding for children aged 6-59 months with moderate, acute malnutrition and pregnant lactating women with symptoms of malnutrition.

For people involved in these activities, there are additional projects such as food-for-work and food-for-training which boost their resilience to future shocks. All these activities are carried out with our partner, the IFRC - International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.
 

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Chad: Abeche, Ouaddai region

Zenaba Abakar’s two year-old daughter, Shermia, is being treated for severe malnutrition in a hospital supported by WFP and UNICEF.  Zenaba’s three other children are living with their grandmother while she stays with Shermia.   Zenaba is grateful to WFP for the additional food – cereal, oil, salt and pulses - which she can send back to her mother in the village. Her husband left four years ago to look for work and has not returned. 
 

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Mali: Kayes, Ambidedi village



This man has collected his family ration in a general food distribution that allows a daily allocation of cereal 450g, pulses 100g, oil 30g, and salt 5g totaling 2,100 kcal per person per day.  As part of its response to the Sahel crisis, WFP reached 1.2 million people in Mali in 2012 with food and nutrition assistance and resilience building activities - emergency school feeding, cash transfers, food for assets and cash for assets.
 

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Niger: Ouallam, village of Tounfini (May 2012)

Women collect Hasu leaves and Anza seeds for food in the absence of anything else to eat. Fathi took all day to collect the leaves she is cooking for herself and her four children.  Her husband left during the crisis in 2010 to search for work and has not returned. WFP conducted an assessment in Tounfini, among other villages, and launched an emergency operation to support 3.9 million people, with a special focus on children under two. 
 

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Niger, Ouallam, Tolkobey village,  May 2012

WFP has been providing blanket supplementary feeding to vulnerable groups -especially children under two and pregnant and lactating women.  In the Ouallam area, where malnutrition rates have hovered at the emergency level of 10-14 percent, mothers line up in the hot sun with crying babies on their backs. Their smiles hide their worry.  Staff show the women how to mix Super Cereal   with water over a fire to make a yellow soup. Such nutritious supplementary foods help prevent children from becoming severely malnourished. 
 

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Niger, Ouallam, Tolkobey village, 5 May 2012

Executive Director Ertharin Cousin visited a supplementary feeding site in Tolkobey village, where she saw WFP assisting breast-feeding mothers with Super Cereal, a micronutrient-rich corn-based blend – often the only chance of ensuring a healthy pregnancy and baby. The mothers and children in the village are just some of the 39,000 children WFP is assisting in the Ouallam area, where malnutrition rates hover around the emergency level of 10-14 percent.  WFP’s partner NGO, ABC Ecologie, carried out the distribution.
 

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Niger, Maradi, Madarounfa, Safo,  May 2012



Women preparing for work! At cash-for-work sites like this, WFP runs projects with national NGO partners and funds from the EU. The focus is on water harvesting to enable the planting of fruit trees, crop production and forage for livestock.

Maradi was targeted in November 2011, under WFP’s preventive response to the Sahel crisis. The people are benefiting from food and cash-for-work activities to keep families in place, children in school, and nutrition feeding centres supplied with special foods to treat moderately malnourished children.
 

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Niger: Dosso, Koumari Village, May 2012

Women create semi-circular banks of sand - “half-moons”- which help to absorb water and improve the soil quality. The aim is to plant trees and grass inside the semi-circles to stop erosion. Farmers bring their own seeds, or receive them from the Government or the UN Food and Agriculture Organization. WFP provides cash and food while they work.  

In five to ten years, farmers hope to see the fruits of their labours, which are dependent on rainfall.
 

The international response to last year's drought in the Sahel region of West Africa averted a humanitarian catastrophe. While the outlook for the Sahel remains severe, programmes helping communities to better cope with droughts in the future are beginning to bear fruit, a crucial step on the way towards long-term food security.