The Kingdom of Swaziland is a landlocked and mountainous country, located between the republics of South Africa and Mozambique. It has a population of about one million people located on approximately 17,400 square kilometres of land. Although Swaziland is classified as a lower middle-income country, it currently faces challenges similar to low-income economies. Swaziland ranks 141 out of 186 countries in the 2012 UNDP Human Development Index and 63 percent of Swazis live below the poverty line, surviving on less than US$1.25 per day.