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Korea, Democratic People's Republic (DPRK)

Caption: 
Visit of ED/ Children in Chongjin
Summary
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Summary Text: 

In July 2012 WFP resumed its “Nutrition Support to Women and Children in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK)” operation, which seeks to combat continued hunger and undernutrition among children and their mothers, and restore and rebuild livelihoods. WFP’s operation targets 2.4 million of the most vulnerable women and children – as well as food insecure families  – in the most food-insecure parts of the country.

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Copyright: WFP/Marcus Prior

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Overview

The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) continues to face regular, significant food shortages.  WFP has been providing food assistance in DPRK since 1995, saving lives and making significant inroads into levels of child malnutrition. 

While malnutrition rates among children have decreased in the past decade, one in every three children remains chronically malnourished or ‘stunted’, meaning they are too short for their age. A quarter of all pregnant and breast-feeding women are also malnourished. A Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission (CFSAM) in October 2011, recommended the continued provision of nutritional assistance as a means to combat hunger and address under-nutrition among the most vulnerable communities.

Through regular visits to households, WFP has observed a marginal improvement in food security in the first half of 2012. However, the annual lean season, which will continue up to the main harvest in October, makes life tougher still as rations distributed through the Public Distribution System (PDS) are expected to decrease. Sixty-eight percent DPRK’s 24 million people receive public food rations through the PDS. Most people struggle to make up the deficit through alternative means as they do not have the necessary purchasing power.

 

 

Threats to Food Security: 
  • Late spring droughts
  • Summer flooding
  • Occasional typhoons in early autumn
  • Deforestation and consequent silting of rivers
  • Economic downturn
  • Lack of agricultural inputs such as fertilizers
  • Limited capacity to access international capital markets and import food
Custom Callout
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WFP.org in Korean
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If you are a Korean speaker you can visit  http://ko.wfp.org/  for more information about WFP

Latitude: 
39.0318604
Longitude: 
125.7537613
legacy ID: 
408
ISO31661_Char2Code: 
KP
ISO31661_Char3Code: 
PRK
ISO31661_NumberCode: 
408
ISO31661_Name: 
Korea, Democratic People's Republic Of
Facts and Figures
Climate: 
Temperate with rainfall concentrated in summer
Terrain: 
Mainly hills and mountains separated by deep, narrow valleys; wide coastal plains in west
Food production: 
Rice, maize, wheat, barley, potatoes, other cereals (sorghum/millet), soybeans, pulses; cattle, pigs, poultry
Annual harvest: 
June-October
Agricultural production (% of GDP): 
21
Human Development Index: 
not available
Children under weight for age (% of children under 5): 
23
Population undernourished (% of total pop.): 
33
Global hunger index - label: 
Serious
Global hunger index - value: 
19
infant mortality rate per 1000 live birth - 2005 UNDP : 
42
Crisis
Crisis Active: 
No Crisis