When the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) was created, Indonesia was one of the first countries to receive WFP assistance. In 1964, food valued at US$1 million was provided for victims of the Mount Agung eruption in Bali. This food assistance was followed by support for the restoration of roads and landlots, reconstruction of houses, rehabilitation of irrigation canals and growing of food crops. WFP continued its operations for 33 years, focusing on the empowerment of women through training, income-generating activities, and food assistance for victims of conflict. The office closed in 1996, by which time Indonesia had shown significant progress towards food self-sufficiency.
WFP returned in 1998 to respond to the effects of a drought caused by El Niño and to the impact of the Asian financial crisis.
Under the new 2012-2015 Country Programme, WFP focuses on three pillars, i.e. Food Security Mapping, Disaster Risk Reduction-Disaster Management, and Reducing Under-nutrition which will complement the Government of Indonesia’s Medium Term Development Plan (Rencana pembangunan Jangka Panjang, RPJM). WFP focus primarily on the provinces of Aceh, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Nusa Tenggara Barat and Papua.
WFP plays a catalytic role of support for the Government of Indonesia in achieving food and nutrition security for all and to build the foundations for Indonesia to become one of our global champions in defeating hunger.
Since 1998, WFP has supported more than 20 million food-insecure Indonesians, primarily in the aftermath of natural disasters and economic shocks.
WFP’s Country Programme 2012–2015 reflects Indonesia’s dynamic transformation from low-income to middle-income status and the challenges of ensuring that the poorest and most vulnerable people escape the cycle of hunger and undernutrition as the country progresses economically.
Over the four years of country programme, WFP’s direct food assistance will reach 417,000 beneficiaries. The focus is primarily on eastern areas in view of the alarming undernutrition figures and capacity gaps. WFP will help the Government to reduce undernutrition to below critical levels, giving priority to the first 1000 days from the womb to 2 years of age. By increasing the emphasis on capacity development, the Country Programme aims to benefit millions of food-insecure people in the coming years.
The three strategic priorities over the period of 2012-2015 are to:
- Address food insecurity through enhanced monitoring, analysis and mapping capacity
- Prepare for and respond to disasters and shocks; and
- Reduce under nutrition below critical levels.
In the first two areas WFP works with national level government to strengthen capacity and systems. In area 3 WFP works with local government partners to implement pilot activities that can provide lessons learned and opportunities for scaling up. Pilot projects cover the areas of Adaptation to Climate Change in NTT and NTB provinces, Local Food Based School Meals in NTT and Papua Provinces, and Nutrition in NTT province. Nutrition activities target Pregnant and lactating women and their children under two years of age with specialized nutrition products that have been developed in cooperation with private sector partners in addition to providing education on health, nutrition and hygiene to mothers.
The Country Programme 2012-2015 is designed to complement government priorities on the basis of consultation at the national and provincial levels. Its objectives are aligned with Indonesia’s five-year Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN), the United Nations Partnership for Development Framework – which is equivalent to the United Nations Development Assistance Framework – and the Indonesia Climate Change Sectoral Road Map.
Food Security and Vulnerability Atlas
Policymakers in Indonesia need a tool to identify food insecure areas, identify causes of food insecurity and to refine the geographical targeting of food security related interventions. In 2003 the Food Security Council (FSC), chaired by the President of Indonesia, whose Secretariat is the Food Security Agency (FSA), collaborated with WFP to develop the National Food Insecurity Atlas (FIA) for Indonesia. The first FIA was developed by FSC and WFP in 2005 and covered 265 rural districts in 30 provinces.
In 2008, the Government started updating the FIA covering 346 rural districts in 32 provinces. The second atlas, with a new title “Food Security and Vulnerability Atlas (FSVA) 2009” was launched in May 2010. The FSVA has already been fully integrated into annual government work plans and budgetary allocations. A 2013 Atlas is to be launched in mid-2014
Like prior editions, the FSVA 2013 will serve as an important tool for decision making in targeting and developing recommendations for responding to food and nutrition insecurity at the provincial and district levels.