Overview

Although Ghana attained middle income status in 2010 following the discovery of oil, it still ranks 138th out of 187 countries in the 2014 Human Development Report, and is classified as a low-income, food-deficit country. Northern regions display many of the same agro-ecological characteristics as countries in the Sahel, including poor soil quality, a single and increasingly erratic rainy season, and recurrent floods and droughts.