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Algeria

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Caption: 
In Algeria, WFP helps the government feed Western Saraha refugees southwest of Tindouf. Photo: WFP/Heidi Haugen
Summary
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Overview

As a result of the conflict in Western Sahara in 1975, refugees moved from the region into Algeria. They settled in four camps located from 40 to 180 kilometres southwest of Tindouf, where they have been living ever since. WFP has assisted the Government of Algeria in meeting the basic food needs of the Western Sahara refugees living in the desert camps since 1986. To date, WFP assistance totals over US$153 million.

WFP Activities  

 

WFP’s US$43 million two-year relief operation provides a general food package to the most vulnerable refugees. People living in the camps also receive humanitarian assistance from a number of bilateral donors, non-governmental organisations, UN agencies (WFP, UNICEF and UNHCR) as well as from the Government of Algeria. Because of the harsh, desert environment, the nutritional situation, particularly of vulnerable groups including women and children, remains fragile and needs to be monitored closely.

WFP moves food from the port of Oran to the Rabouni complex in Tindouf. From this point, it is collected by the refugee authorities who are responsible for dispatching and final distribution of commodities to vulnerable people in the camps.

The food pipeline for the current operation has been very fragile. Pipeline breakdowns have occurred over recent months, which were reportedly only partly covered with bilateral donations.

 

Threats to Food Security: 
  • Social instability
  • Insecurity
  • Low agricultural technologies
  • Desert environment
  • Occasional torrential rains
Facts & Figures: 
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Latitude: 
36.7396507
Longitude: 
3.0509739
legacy ID: 
012
ISO31661_Char2Code: 
DZ
ISO31661_Char3Code: 
DZA
ISO31661_NumberCode: 
12
ISO31661_Name: 
Algeria
Facts and Figures
Climate: 
Arid to semiarid; mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer
Terrain: 
Mostly high plateau and desert; some mountains; narrow, discontinuous coastal plain
Food production: 
Wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle
Annual harvest: 
Not available
Agricultural production (% of GDP): 
8.2
Human Development Index: 
0.733
Children under weight for age (% of children under 5): 
3
Population undernourished (% of total pop.): 
3
Global hunger index - label: 
Low
Global hunger index - value: 
<5
infant mortality rate per 1000 live birth - 2005 UNDP : 
34
Crisis
Crisis Active: 
No Crisis