According to the research, around 368 million children – about one out of every five – get a meal at school every day in 169 developing and developed countries. Global investment in these programmes is about US$75 billion, with most coming from government budgets.
Yet despite the global nature of school feeding, the coverage of these programmes is lowest where they are most needed. In low-income countries, where children are most likely to be poor and hungry, only 18 percent receive a daily meal at school, compared to nearly 49 percent of children in middle-income countries.
“School feeding assures that where quality education is available, children are able to take advantage of the opportunity to learn,” said WFP’s Executive Director, Ertharin Cousin. “It’s an investment that pays off in the future with better-educated, stronger and healthier adults and it’s also a critical safety net to prevent the most vulnerable from suffering in times of crisis.”
In the past five years, at least 38 countries have scaled up their school feeding programmes in response to a crisis, whether related to food prices, conflict, natural disaster or financial volatility.
“During the food and fuel crises in 2008 many governments struggled to protect the most vulnerable from hunger and looked to school meals to achieve that. In the current recession, even wealthy nations are examining how school meals can prevent families sliding deeper into poverty and hunger,” said State of School Feeding Worldwide lead author Carmen Burbano.
School feeding provides an array of benefits in terms of education, nutrition, income transfer and local agricultural production. For every US$1 spent by governments and donors WFP estimates that at least US$3 is gained in economic returns, according to the report.
WFP has been operating school meals programmes in developing countries for close to half a century. In 2012, WFP provided meals or nutritious snacks in school for 24.7 million children in 63 countries, including take -home rations for 1.3 million girls and 500,000 boys – providing an incentive for poor families to keep their children in class, rather than pull them out to work in the fields, in factories or in the home.
WFP supports national governments to improve their capacity to implement quality, sustainable school feeding programmes – allowing a transition from WFP-run programmes to nationally-owned and operated school meals programmes.
State of School Feeding Worldwide is being presented today at the largest annual meeting of school feeding experts, co-hosted by the Global Child Nutrition Foundation and WFP’s Centre of Excellence Against Hunger in Brazil.
To download the report: The State of School Feeding Worldwide 2013
For broadcast quality video footage of WFP school feeding programmes
To download a selection of photos of WFP school feeding programmes
For info on the Global Child Nutrition Forum
WFP is the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide. Each year WFP feeds more than 90 million people in more than 70 countries.
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