Understanding hunger and vulnerability is becoming more complex, as the world is fast changing. The most vulnerable are affected by new phenomena such as volatile food prices or increasingly frequent natural disasters.
WFP keeps its approaches and methods up-to-date to best analyze food insecurity and vulnerability, assess needs and propose the most appropriate types and scale of interventions.
WFP has revised and updated its four main guidelines to take account of the latest methodological developments, in particular on how to measure food insecurity, link food insecurity and nutrition, conduct a forecast and response analysis, and how to analyze markets, etc. These are now available:
- Emergency Food Security Analysis (EFSA) Handbook, first edition, June 2005
An EFSA assesses the impact of a shock on the food security situation of vulnerable households in the affected area.
- Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA) Guidelines, first edition, January 2009
They provide extensive guidance on how to conduct an in-depth study of the food security and vulnerability situation during a “normal year” (non crisis time).
- FAO/WFP Crop and Food Security Assessment Missions (CFSAM) Guidelines, new edition, January 2009
They provide guidance on assessing crop and food security by looking at the supply and demand for staple foods, and households’ access to food and on estimating uncovered staple food import requirements.
- UNHCR/WFP Joint Assessment Missions (JAM) Guidelines, new edition, September 2008
They are for use in assessing the situation, needs, risks, capacities and vulnerabilities of refugees, internally displaced people and returnees, in particular with regards to food security and nutrition.
The Food Security Monitoring Systems (FSMS) Technical Guidance Sheets: They are part of a wider project to strengthen food security monitoring. The objective is to have light but comprehensive nationally - led monitoring systems that rapidly inform decision-makers of the trends in food and nutrition security and flag deteriorating situations.
VAM has also developed technical guidance notes covering specific aspects of food security analysis accessible through the Publications section.