WFP has been active in Uganda since 1963 with operations generally focused on how best to use food for humanitarian and development support. In 2008, however, WFP Uganda adopted a new strategy in line with the organization’s revised and more targeted approach to addressing hunger.
WFP is committed to helping the Government of Uganda and communities find lasting solutions to hunger, applying whatever tool is most effective in a particular situation – whether it be food assistance, livelihood support, education and sensitization, or support for local production and markets...or something else.
This also means working even more closely with partners, including the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the UN children's agency UNICEF, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the UN World Health Organization (WHO).
WFP Uganda’s new Country Strategy has three focus areas:
Emergency Humanitarian Action:
When a crisis occurs, WFP assists the Government in addressing life-threatening hunger concerns. Action may be needed to address inadequate food consumption (in terms of quality or quantity) as well as other factors such as diseases that prevent the body absorbing nutrients. WFP Uganda is using a range of tools (including food assistance) and partnerships to address these critical hunger-related needs.
Food and Nutrition Security:
In situations where people are able to meet their basic or immediate food needs but remain vulnerable, WFP enables households to address their particular challenges, whether related to chronic hunger and/or micronutrient deficiencies. In Karamoja, this involves food-based activities – including school meals and a mother and child health and nutrition programme – since adequate food is unavailable in markets. In the south-west and other parts of the country, however, the emphasis is on sensitization rather than the direct delivery of food.
With such priorities in mind, WFP is shifting its focus from food assistance towards support for livelihoods, crop production and greater self-sufficiency. Such support is being provided via the Karamoja Productive Assets Programme and the Northern Uganda Social Action Fund II.
Agriculture and Market Support:
WFP plays a leading role in supporting local agriculture and markets through its local purchases - over USD $50 million a year - and its Purchase for Progress (P4P) programme which targets small-holder households and seeks to strengthen their food security. WFP links smallholders to quality markets so they can get the greatest possible benefit from what they produce. At the same time, WFP is working with FAO and other partners to enhance essential market infrastructure and dramatically reduce post-harvest losses.
This year, WFP aims to reach some 266,000 people through direct food assistance, and many more through its development programmes designed to strengthen agricultural livelihoods and enhance food and nutrition security. The 266,000 beneficiaries will include malnourished children, refugees and extremely vulnerable households in Karamoja.