19 August 2014
The Cost of Diet (COD) is a method to model the cost of a theoretical, simulated diet (food basket) which satisfies all nutritional requirements1 of a household of specific composition of interest (e.g. breastfed child, lactating mother, and other members) at the minimal possible cost, based on the availability, price, and nutrient content of local foods. Any other food basket at the same price will be less nutritious, and any other food basket of the same nutrient value will be more expensive. When combined with household income data, the COD can be used to estimate the proportion of households that could theoreti-cally afford the modelled nutritious diet. Hence, the COD tool can be used to calculate the affordability or eco-nomic access to a nutritious diet. It thus helps to identify whether malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies are caused by insufficient access to nutritious food.
13 August 2014
The Objectives of this study are as follows:
- To study about the current status of Tuberculosis (TB) in Sri Lanka and the major threats and challenges to household food security due to TB: There is a lack of TB related data in Sri Lanka and this study hopes establish some key data on the current TB situation in Sri Lanka. This study also hopes to assess the major threats and challenges faced by the household of TB patients due to food insecurity.
- To study the negative impacts on the patients due to socio economic issues and stigmatization of active TB patients: Stigmatization of TB patients is evident in Sri Lanka. This study also aims to assess the impact on these patients due to stigmatisation via household information and background information collected.
- To study the nutritional status among TB patients and its associations with food security: TB has long been known to affect the nutrition status of its patients. This study hopes to assess how badly TB patients have been affected nutritionally and what the patients current food security status is.
- To study the possible benefits of supplementary food assistance along with proper TB treatment plans to patients. Speculation suggests that TB active patients undergoing treatment would benefit with food supplementation as nutrition is a major factor affecting treatment success rates. This study hopes to explore the probable benefits of a food supplementation plan.
30 April 2014
- The Maha 2014 drought seriously damaged agricultural production and is threatening to significantly limit the upcoming yala harvest.
- Three consecutive years of natural disasters has undermined household resilience: populations in affected areas have built up unsustainable levels of debts, have insufficient access to water for irrigation, have limited quality seed supply and are exposed to a continue decline in agricultural income.
- As a consequence, food insecurity has increased dramatically to an estimated 768,000. More than double the caseload in 2012.
Household food consumption deteriorated sharply: 18 percent of households consume inadequate diets of low calorie and/or diversity. This used to be around 6 percent. A threefold increase.
Immediate coordinated relief and agricultural inputs specifically targeting the vulnerable households, are recommended to prevent a further collapse in household resilience.
12 December 2011
This report presents the results of an in-depth study of food security in Sri Lanka, a country emerging from decades of violent conflict and still recovering from the worst flooding in recent history. The assessment is the most wide-ranging study conducted by WFP in Sri Lanka and finds that a majority of the population in the Northern and Eastern parts of the island is food insecure, still re-building their lives and livelihoods which were severely impacted by conflict and compounding floods. In response to a slow recover, a comprehensive and intensified food security strategy is required. Targeted food assistance, as an important component of an overall livelihood development plan, is found to be imperative, particularly for severely food insecure and vulnerable groups
31 January 2011
North-east monsoon rains began in mid-November 2010 resulting in severe precipitations in Northern, Eastern, North Central, Central and North Western Provinces. The rainfall reintensified in December and January caused heavy flooding, limited physical accessibility, severely damaged crops and major displacement. Lives and livelihoods of an estimated 1 million persons were affected. The 12 districts of Batticaloa, Anuradhapura, Monaragala, Nuwara Eliya, Kandy, Trincomalee, Ratnapura, Matara, Kilinochchi, Polonnaruwa, Mullaitivu and Ampara are flood affected at varying degrees.
Against this background, rapid inter-agency teams with representatives from OCHA, UNDP, WFP, and ILO conducted rapid assessments in the flood affected districts. Disaster Management Center (DMC) and District Secretariats and relevant line departments joined as government partners in the rapid assessment.
30 April 2010
The World Food Programme (WFP) in collaboration with Hector Kobbakaduwa Agrarian Research Institute and Ministry of Nation Building and Estate Infrastructure
Development undertook an Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA) in Vanni districts of Vavuniya, Mullativu, Kilinochchi and Mannar from 05th to 22nd March 2010. The assessment focused on the newly resettled households who returned from Manik Farm IDP Camp and other welfare centres.
31 March 2010
A household survey was carried out in nine districts of Sri Lanka, one district randomly selected from each province. Each district constituted one study area, except the Colombo district which had two study areas: the Colombo Municipal Council area and other areas in the district. Data collection was done using an interviewer administered questionnaire and complemented with community interviews, key informant interviews, and market surveys. The estimated sample size per district was 617 households totaling to 6170 households in 10 study areas. A multistage cluster sampling method based on the probability proportional to size technique was used to identify 30 clusters per district, each cluster located in a Grama Niladhari division. A systematic random sampling technique was used within each cluster to identify 21 households.
31 October 2009
The World Food Programme (WFP) in collaboration with Ministry of Nation Building and Estate Infrastructure undertook a rapid drought risk assessment in Moneragala district from 19th October to 23nd October 2009 to assess the impact of prevailed severe drought.
31 May 2009
This assessment was done to identify the progress of the recovery of conflict affected communities as well as to find the broad picture of level of food security of the communities in Ampara district.
30 April 2009
WFP and partners undertook this assessment to focus in areas where populations that were affected by the conflict in 2006 had been resettled (and received food and livelihoods assistance) since mid-2007.
- 2 September 2014 'Zero Hunger: A World Without Hunger' By Child Artists
- 19 October 2012 Sri Lanka Drought: Difficult Times In The North And The East
- 10 April 2012 Sri Lanka: First Cash Voucher Programme
- 12 December 2011 Sri Lanka: High Food Prices - A View From Batticaloa Market