Sierra Leone has the highest inflation in West Africa with 11.5% and 10.9% year-on-year in April and May respectively. Food prices remained high, with a yearly food inflation of 13.3% and 11.8% during the same months.
Although domestic food production has recovered since the end of the conflict in 2002 and provides a major part of Sierra Leone’s staples rice and cassava as well as pulses, oils, vegetables and fruits, the country remains in food deficit.
Households spend on average 63% of their total expenditure on food. Borrowing money to buy food is common (52%). Three quarters of the population rely on markets as their main source of food. Under such conditions, the trend of high and rising food prices poses a serious threat to food security in Sierra Leone.