Even though the GDP per capita is over US$4,500, there is still 10 million people (36.2% of total population) living under poverty line, and almost three million (12.6%) in extreme poverty because of the high level of inequity. At rural level, the extreme poverty is more than the double of the national average (25, 7%).
The inequity is reflected in the Gini coefficient, which is of 0,505, (National Institute of Statistic - INEI). More than 18% of children under five suffer from chronic undernutrition and over 37% have anemia. In the Huancavelica Department almost 50% of the children under five are undernourished whereas in the highlands the rate climbs to 80%. Insufficient access to food commodities, poor consumption patterns, inadequate child care, poor nutrition practices and low educational levels are the main causes of chronic undernutrition.
Approximately 11 million people (38%) do not cover their minimum daily calories intake (2,100Kcal). Fourteen out of 25 regions in the country are extremely vulnerable to child chronic undernutrition.
In Peru WFP works in saving lives and protecting livelihoods of the poorest people during emergencies, preventing chronic undernutrition, working on disaster preparedness and supporting communities to rebuild after conflicts and natural disaster. WFP also helps to reduce hunger and malnutrition, and by strengthening the capacity of the country to reduce hunger. Since 2001, WFP has invested over US$40 million to support around 240,000 people per year. WFP has also supported the Government of Peru (GoP) by purchasing 70,130 MT of food for their nutritional and food programmes for a value of US$93 million.