Publications
Cash and Vouchers, Emergencies, Food for Assets, Gender
28 March 2014

This evaluation of WFP’s 2008 cash and voucher policy was commissioned by the Office of Evaluation in order to assess the quality and results of the policy and its implementation.

The evaluation found that although the policy does not represent WFP’s current best practice for policies, it served its purpose in establishing the basis for authorizing use of cash transfers and vouchers within WFP’s mandate. However, the intended outcomes of the policy — such as empowerment of beneficiaries, improved livelihoods and better coping strategies — were not measured systematically, and the lack of disaggregation by modality at project level in the corporate monitoring system makes it impossible to attribute achievement of corporate outcomes or outputs to modality, be it cash, vouchers or in-kind food. Other expected outcomes from the policy were related to efficiency gains in the business process, which were found to have had mixed results, with some key bottlenecks causing significant delays.

Among key recommendations are updating revised manuals and guidance, rather than updating the policy. Furthermore it recommends that WFP invest in capacity development, identify and empower leadership on cash transfers and vouchers, and build evidence to clarify its value proposition to its external partners.

Cash and Vouchers, Refugees and IDPs, General Food Distribution, Nutrition, School Meals
5 February 2014

The evaluation covers the operation Regional EMOP 200438 Assistance to Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons Affected by Insecurity in Mali, Mauritania, Burkina Faso, Niger (2012-2013). It was intended for both accountability and learning and focuses on assessing: i) the appropriateness and coherence of the operation; ii) its results; and iii) the factors explaining the results.

The evaluation assessed the nutritional support to refugees and internally displaced persons delivered throughout: general food distribution; cash and food for assets; nutritional support to children under five, pregnant and lactating women; supplementary feeding to infants aged 6-59 months; and school feeding.

The evaluation, which makes a number of recommendations for the future, was managed and conducted by a consultancy firm, with fieldwork taking place in 2014.​