Delivering As One
Mozambique is a “Delivering as One” country in which all UN agencies, based on their comparative advantages, contribute towards a UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF). The UNDAF, its Action Plan and consequently WFP’s Country Programme and Protracted Recovery and Relief Operation are fully aligned with the national priorities as outlined in the Government of Mozambique’s five year plan, PARP 2011-2014 and national sector policies.
WFP Country Programme (CP) 2012-2015
The WFP Country Strategy for Mozambique prioritizes human and social development, market access and disaster risk management. It pursues WFP’s transition from food aid to food assistance, supporting and enhancing Government programmes to constitute sustainable, national solutions to food insecurity through the three dimensions of prevention, protection and promotion.
The programme includes the use of innovative delivery methods such as cash, vouchers and mobile phone transfers in districts where the necessary infrastructure is present and food is available in the local markets, thus contributing to the local economy. Overall the CP plans to assist a total of 1,447,000 people in 23 districts in the centre and south of the country. The five components of the Country Programme are:
School Meals - supporting the Ministry of Education through a four-year transition period towards a nationally owned, funded and managed home-grown school meals programme, integrated into the social protection framework.
Social Protection - supporting food-insecure families with labour capacity with food or cash transfers during seasonal gaps in return for participation in labour-intensive activities aimed at supporting community livelihoods. Vulnerable people unable to engage in productive work will receive unconditional food/cash transfers, complementing other essential services delivered by civil society associations.
Nutrition – supporting the Ministry of Health in the development of sustainable systems for integrating nutrition services into the national health system over the longer term, the implementation of activities under the National Nutritional Rehabilitation Prorgramme and support for the coordination and implementation of the Multi-sectoral Action Plan to Reduce Chronic Malnutrition.
Risk Reduction - strengthening the capacity of the National Directorate of Disaster Management (INGC) and the Technical Secretariat for Food Security and Nutrition (SETSAN) in risk analysis and mapping, early warning and food and nutrition security analysis.
Market Access - facilitating access to markets and the development of smallholder producer and processor capacity by increasing marketing infrastructure, market information and improving commodity quality.
WFP’s Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) 2012-2015
WFP’s Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) provides food assistance in support of response and early recovery activities, targeting disaster-affected as well as displaced persons who have sought refuge in Mozambique due to adverse conditions in the Horn of Africa.
The PRRO underpins the National Action Plan for Poverty Reduction 2011-2014 (PRSP) and the National Master Plan for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Calamities which identify national and local actions for vulnerability reduction and emergency response and the annual contingency plans which are prepared to respond to forecasted climate scenarios. The key activities are:
Relief Activities: In the immediate aftermath of a sudden onset emergency, food assistance provides life-saving support. In slow-onset emergencies (e.g. droughts), it also serves as an income transfer mechanism that helps to prevent the forced sale of assets and promotes the investment of limited household income in durable economic and social activities, thus enabling households to recover from transitory food insecurity more rapidly.
Early Recovery Activities: Post-relief assistance is continued mostly through food-for-work by means of low-tech, labour-intensive activities oriented towards rehabilitation of productive assets.
Capacity Development: Strengthening national capacity in contingency and operational planning and emergency response management.