WFP addresses food security and malnutrition challenges in Madagascar through a development-oriented Country Programme and a Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation which provide responses to shocks and natural disasters. In 2015, WFP aims to assist 680,000 vulnerable people in the country’s southern and southeastern regions and poor urban areas.
The Country Programme has three components:
- WFP implements a school feeding programme in support of the Ministry of National Education. Aside from food assistance, WFP supports the development and scale-up of a national school feeding policy. WFP also supports the Government of Madagascar in designing a Home Grown School Feeding programme linked to smallholder farmer production; and continues to implement other activities such as nutritional education, promotion of hygiene in schools and use of environmentally stoves.
- The second component aims to improve nutritional situation for vulnerable groups through acute malnutrition prevention and treatment activities, stunting prevention and nutritional support to people suffering from tuberculosis.
- Through component three, WFP helps enhance access to markets for smallholder farmers through local food purchases, building the capacity of farmers’ associations so they can improve the quality of their crops. This is made possible by a partnership with farmers’ associations, local non-governmental organisations, the United Nations Organization for Food and Agriculture and the International Fund for Agricultural Development.
The Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation aims to provide relief and early recovery assistance to vulnerable households affected by natural disasters, mainly cyclones and floods; and nutritional assistance to treat moderate acute malnutrition in case of nutritional emergency. This is done by prepositioning food in the country’s remote and disaster-prone areas ahead of the cyclone season.
WFP will implement the resilience component through a so-called ‘Three-pronged approach’. This firstly involves the undertaking of a national assessment of the country’s vulnerability to multiple shocks. The second prong focuses on facilitating and coordinating the implementation of seasonal livelihoods activities in the most vulnerable districts. The final element involves participatory planning exercises identifying suitable food-for-assets activities with the community.
WFP will support the Government in re-establishing a food security early-warning system and in putting in place emergency preparedness measures. WFP will use its technical expertise to support the establishment of a Vulnerability Assessment Committee in Madagascar and will develop national capacity to carry out emergency food security and nutrition assessments.
Strengthening the government institutions’ capacity by providing technical assistance and training is one of WFP’s main objectives for the coming years.