As the food assistance arm of the United Nations, the World Food Programme (WFP) uses its food resources to meet emergency needs as well as to support economic and social development. WFP aims to save lives in emergency situations, improve the nutrition and quality of life of the most vulnerable-- particularly children, pregnant women and nursing mothers -- and help rural communities build assets to promote their resilience to droughts and boost self-reliance.
An estimated 1.3 million Kenyans are food insecure and in need of assistance, mostly in the arid and semi-arid lands of Northern Kenya. To address malnutrition, WFP and the Government of Kenya are providing nutrition support through targeted supplementary feeding programmes in arid and semi-arid areas. The Government is providing a nutrient-fortified, ready-to-eat food, to 40,000 moderately malnourished children under the age of five years. WFP is providing 25,000 moderately malnourished pregnant and nursing mothers with Supercereal, a highly nutritious blended food that is fortified with extra protein and essential micro-nutrients.
WFP is providing school meals to about 770,000 school children in Kenya. These are the most vulnerable children living in arid and semi-arid lands, semi-arid coastal districts and the slums of Nairobi. WFP also provides a mid-morning meal for all primary and pre-primary school children at the refugee camps.
In the semi-arid regions of the country, the Ministry of Education is in charge of feeding another 750,000 school children through the national Home Grown School Feeding programme. These schools previously fell under the WFP programme but have been taken over by the Government under the terms of a gradual hand-over policy. WFP is helping build government capacity in a number of areas such as procurement, and monitoring and evaluation, to ensure a smooth transition.
Support to Refugees
Kenya hosts one of the largest refugee populations in the world, with an estimated 500,000 refugees currently in the country. The provision of vital food supplies to these refugees in Dadaab and Kakuma camps represents an enormous financial commitment and a logistical challenge. Since the outbreak of conflict in South Sudan in mid-December last year, Kakuma has received about 30,000 refugees, pushing the camp beyond its 150,000 capacity. An average of 300 new refugees continues to arrive daily, most of whom are women and children.
WFP is providing refugees from south Sudan with nutrition bars, at the Nadapal border post where they arrive exhausted and hungry. Upon reaching the reception centers the refugees are provided with a cooked meal as they await registration and are then moved to a temporary site to be registered in the biometric system that will then allow them to get monthly food rations which are distributed every two weeks.
Children between the age of 6 and 23 months, as well as pregnant and nursing mothers, also receive porridge highly fortified with nutrients. Moderately malnourished children under 5 are receiving Plumpy sup, a ready to eat paste, to treat the condition.
Longer term solutions
As it transitions from drought relief to recovery activities in northern areas, WFP is expanding its Food-for-Assets (FFA) and Cash–for-Assets (CFA) projects which are designed to promote food security. These activities focus on rainwater harvesting for human and livestock use, soil and water conservation, rehabilitation of degraded agricultural land and the production of drought-tolerant crops. Through new or rehabilitated assets, and the development of relevant skills, communities can improve their resilience to weather related shocks and can invest in a more sustainable future. Some 700,000 people – about 55% of those receiving food assistance in Kenya-- will benefit from these projects, either through food distribution or cash transfers. Read more… http://www.wfp.org/food-assets http://www.wfp.org/cash-and-vouchers
Purchase for Progress (P4P) is a pilot programme through which WFP is promoting agricultural market development and access for small holder farmers. WFP is improving the capacity of smallholder farmers to engage in agricultural markets for their produce. Capacity building involves post-harvest handling, market information systems and access to storage facilities. In implementing P4P, WFP works closely with the Ministry of Agriculture as well as with partners at district level to increase production and quality, and to encourage farmers to grow drought-tolerant crops. Read more… http://www.wfp.org/purchase-progress
- High demographic growth
- Arid and semi-arid lands in the north and east