Market Analysis, Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
30 September 2015

In February 2015, WFP started remote phone-based data collection and food security monitoring in Iraq through the mVAM (mobile Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping) approach. Survey respondents are contacted via text message (SMS) and live calls, and asked to respond to a short series of questions on food markets and household food consumption and coping.

Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
30 September 2015
  • The improvements in food security witnessed during the month of Ramadan ended in August. A slight increase in the share of the population consuming an ‘inadequate’ diet was observed throughout Iraq. This was particularly true for the internally displaced (IDP) respondents as well as in Anbar governorate, where it appears that approximately one in five households are consuming an inadequate diet.
  • Wheat prices were 30-50 percent higher in the conflict affected governorates of the north compared to Baghdad due to reduced PDS deliveries and supply disruptions.
  • The average cost of a basic food basket in Anbar Governorate increased by 12 percent after declining for four consecutive months, while in besieged Haditha district, the cost was four times higher than that recorded for all of Anbar.
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
21 September 2015

The on-going El Nino event, officially declared in March, will remain active throughout 2015 and is very likely to extend into the first quarter of 2016.
The event is now strengthening towards its peak intensity which should be reached in late 2015. There is a significant chance that this event could be close or even exceed the strongest levels on record. 
The event is being influencing all growing seasons of the northern hemisphere, as well as those of equatorial regions (Horn of Africa, Indonesia) of late 2015, and will be influencing those of southern Africa and South America from late 2015 to early 2016. 
The impacts are wide ranging and generally negative in countries facing food insecurity.

Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
31 August 2015
  • Household food consumption improved in July compared to June, particularly among internally-displaced people (IDPs) and households residing in Anbar governorate. This improvement was likely attributed to the holy month of Ramadan, when people try to eat more complete and better-quality meals, and often share meals with less fortunate family and friends, thereby improving overall dietary diversity.
  • Still, a record-high number of respondents said they did not have enough food or money to buy food in July, resulting in a higher national percentage of people employing negative food-related coping strategies.
  • There was a significant reduction in the proportion of IDP respondents that reported resorting to negative coping in July (26%) compared with June (40%). This is partially explained by the giving and sharing tradition practiced during Ramadan.
  • The overall price of a standard food basket decreased by 5-22 percent and wage-to-food terms of trade increased by 12-40 percent between June and July in all monitored governorates. Although in Anbar governorate, household purchasing power improved for the third consecutive month, food prices remained extremely high in conflict-affected locations, such as Haditha, Al-Habbaniyah and Al-Khalidyah.
  • Household access to the Public Distribution System (PDS) deliveries showed signs of improvement as more respondents reported receiving a full or partial ration in July compared with June.
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
31 July 2015
  • Food insecurity escalated in Iraq in the second quarter of 2015. WFP’s mobile Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping (mVAM) trend data collected from March to June points to a steady deterioration in food consumption and coping indicators, especially in Anbar and Ninewa governorates, which have been directly affected by conflict.
  • Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are the most affected by food insecurity. More than one in five of them (21%) reported ‘poor’ or ‘borderline’ consumption in June. Two in five (40%) of IDP households reported not having enough food or money to buy food for the same month.
  • In June, food prices increased and wage-to-food terms of trade declined in Diyala and Ninewa. In Anbar, food prices are very high, and food supply is extremely limited in the conflict-affected district of Haditha.
  • Public Distribution System (PDS) access remains low, with fewer households reporting having received a full PDS ration in June than in the previous month.
  • In spite of conflict, the 2015 wheat crop production levels were higher compared to 2014 in the South and in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI). 
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
10 July 2015

The WFP Seasonal Monitor examines satellite imagery of rainfall and vegetation in order to assess the development of the growing season and how such conditions might impact the lives and livelihoods of the resident populations. Real time satellite data streams and seasonal forecasts are analyzed to highlight potential developments that may be of  humanitarian concern.

This Seasonal Monitor webpage provides real time satellite data streams and seasonal forecasts to highlight changes in the progression of the agricultural season that may be of concern. This analysis is also presented in Power Point and report format.

Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
9 July 2015

An El Nino event active since March 2015 will almost certainly last through 2015 and is likely to extend into early 2016. 
The intensity of this event is increasing with a peak expected in the last quarter of 2015 and there is a significant chance that it may become one of the strongest events of the past 30 years.
The timing of the event means that it will influence all growing seasons of the northern hemisphere (broadly from May to October) as well as those of equatorial regions (Horn of Africa, Indonesia) of late 2015 and of southern Africa and South America from late 2015 to early 2016. 
The possible impacts are wide ranging and generally negative in countries facing food insecurity.

Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
30 June 2015

The Global Food Security Update provides an overview of the food security trends in 57 countries in six regions and offers an outlook for the 3-6 months following its release. It is based on food security monitoring reports, updates from WFP’s regional and country-based Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping (VAM) units and a review of secondary information.

Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
25 June 2015
  • In May, continuing conflict caused massive displacement and increased food insecurity in parts of Iraq; 257,000 people have been displaced from Ramadi and neighbouring districts.
  • Food security indicators were poorer for internally displaced persons (IDPs), and particularly for people living in unfinished housing and in camps. In May, IDPs consumed fewer protein-rich foods such as meat, eggs and dairy, compared to previous months. Half of displaced households reported lacking food, or the money to buy food, in the week before the survey.
  • In May, the price of a standard food basket dropped by 10–20 percent in most markets in central and northern governorates. The purchasing power also improved, yet it still remains particularly weak in Anbar.
  • Public Distribution System (PDS) supplies could have played a price stabilization role in conflict zones. While overall PDS distributions of wheat flour and rice improved in May, low access continued to contribute to food access difficulties for many households.
Monitoring, Food Security Analysis
27 May 2015
  • Food security is of particular concern for areas that were directly affected by conflict and displacement in April, including the governorates of Anbar, Duhok, Ninewa and Diyala. Vulnerability is highest amongst people who have been displaced, those who have received no public distribution system (PDS) ration and those living in unfinished buildings, camps, host communities or rented accommodation.
  • Anbar, Duhok and Ninewa – which have large numbers of internally displaced persons (IDPs) – had the highest rates of poor and borderline food consumption (20 – 33%), and the highest rate of negative coping.
  • IDPs in Anbar – who have been recently displaced – are highly vulnerable to food insecurity: one third have a borderline diet.
  • Compared to March, food prices increased in April, particularly in conflict-affected Anbar (+28%) and Salah-al-Din (+18%). Falling wages further reduced purchasing power. Over 80 percent of all respondents did not receive any PDS rations in April.