A coffee rust outbreak in Central America and the Dominican Republic which was widespread by June 2013 threatens the main source of income of hundreds of thousands of poor households. WFP has implemented food security related assessments in Honduras and other countries of the region to better understand the impact of the coffee rust on livelihoods. The negative impacts for the coffee industry are expected to be long lasting. Some observers are suggesting that a full recovery might not be possible until 2016.
In Honduras, the effects of the coffee rust, low coffee prices and high input costs are causing a reduction of household incomes. According to the results of the November 2013 assessment, the food security situation and livelihoods of some 46,300 smallholder coffee growers and wage labour- dependent households have been affected. Moreover, according to the results of the food security assessment carried out in the Dry Corridor in September 2013, 11% of affected households were severely food insecure, and 56% moderately food insecure. Food insecurity is expected to remain high for a variety of reasons including low household grain stocks, and a poor performance of the earlier primera harvest.
The impact of staple food price changes on the cost of the basic food basket from October to December 2013 was moderate.