WFP has been present in Guinea since 1964. Current operations include a Country Programme and a Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation.
Over the last 20 years, Guinea’s Forest region frequently suffered from natural disasters such as floods, experienced increasing levels of inter-ethnic conflict and has hosted 700,000 refugees and displaced populations. The Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation provides assistance to households that have been negatively affected by these events and are still in a vulnerable, food insecure situation. Activities include general food distributions to remaining refugees, school feeding activities in communities that host refugees, as well as activities for asset creation (Food-for-Asset, Cash-for-Assets and Food-for-Training activities). The activities are implemented in close collaboration with the Guinean Government, other UN agencies, and national non-governmental organizations. The project also aims to boost the capacity of the Guinean Government to reduce food insecurity and strengthen disaster mitigation and response capabilities.
The current Country Programme for the 2013-2017 period seeks to assist 437,000 beneficiaries through activities that support primary education, nutrition of vulnerable groups, and enhance resilience in fragile communities. The support WFP is giving to education aims to improve the attendance rates of elementary pupils through the daily provision of hot school meals to 100,000 primary school students throughout the school year in targeted prefectures. School feeding activities have a special focus on girl’s enrollment, and as an incentive to encourage girls to stay enrolled in school, WFP provides girls that are enrolled in the final grate with take-home rations.
Within the Country Programme, WFP also provides life-saving nutritional assistance to children under the age of five, pregnant and lactating women, people living with HIV/AIDS and their families, and patients living with tuberculosis who are being treated in Community Health Centers. The goal of these activities is to prevent and reduce maternal malnutrition and the rate of low birth weight, prevent and reduce malnutrition among children under the age of five, increase the success rate of TB treatment, and reduce the death rate of HIV positive people through improving their food security and increasing their adherence to treatment. To ensure implementation of health and nutrition interventions in the field, WFP works in collaboration the Guinean Ministry of Health and Public Hygiene and local NGOs.
Furthermore, to enhance the resilience of fragile communities, WFP supports communities to produce locally grown food that can be used for school feeding programmes. The activity seeks to increase food diversity and to encourage communities to provide increasing supplies of home-grown food to local school canteens. It also seeks to strengthen the capacities of the Government, particularly the National Humanitarian Action Service (SENAH), and vulnerable village communities to respond effectively to emergency situations.
In order to ensure effective implementation of the activities, WFP maintains a close collaboration with different Ministries (Education, Health, Agriculture, and Environment), as well as sister UN agencies like (UNICEF, FAO, UNFPA, UNDP, UNIDO, UNHCR, UNAIDS, WHO, UNFPA) and International and National NGOs.