The Republic of Chad
Current issues and what the World Food Programme is doing
Chad is an arid, low-income and landlocked country in Central Africa, with a predominantly rural population of 12 million. About 87 percent of the population lives below the poverty line and Chad ranks 185 out of 188 countries on the UNDP Human Development Index (2015). These high levels of poverty have been aggravated over the past 50 years by recurrent climate shocks and numerous conflicts, at times involving neighboring countries such as Sudan, Libya, the Central African Republic (C.A.R.) and Nigeria.
This has put additional pressure on already limited resources in Chad. Households are primarily dependent on farming and livestock for their livelihoods and access to basic education remains limited. Oil production began in Chad’s south in 2003 but reserves are shrinking and the current low oil price limits economic growth.
What are the current issues in Chad?
Malnutrition and stunting
In 2015, Chad ranked 116 out of 117 countires on the global hunger index. Chad’s latest National Nutrition Survey (Smart 2015) found 11.7 percent of children aged under five are stunted, a condition caused by chronic malnutrition. The maternal mortality rate, while improving, remains high at 980 deaths per 100,000 live births (2013). Poor maternal health can be attributed to many factors, including inadequate access to, and utilization of, health services.
Due to the insecurity in northern Nigeria, the fragile livelihoods of families in the Lake Chad basin have been eroded, and thousands people have been displaced. Refugees, displaced people and poor communities in the area are now highly dependent on humanitarian assistance for their survival in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger.
There are over 350,000 refugees in the east, south, and Lake Region, between 80, 000 and 100,000 returnees mainly from Central African Republic (C.A.R.) and around 100,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) in the Lake Chad region.
An erratic rainy season associated with the El Niño weather phenomenon is further threatening the livelihoods of already vulnerable households located in the Sahelian belt.
What is the World Food Programme doing in Chad?
WFP’s response in Chad is progressively shifting from emergency relief towards strengthening the resilience of vulnerable people, in alignment with the 2030 Sustainable Development Goal 2: to “end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture.”
WFP expects to reduce levels of food insecurity and malnutrition by working alongside the government of Chad, other UN agencies and partners, and using robust resilience and community-based strategies.
WFP is managing five operations in Chad in 2016: a protracted relief and recovery operation, regional emergency operations, school meals, and UNHAS flight services.
Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation
WFP is responding to recurrent climate shocks and chronic food insecurity in Chad with plans to assist 1.4 million people under a Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO). Main goals include: (i)Ensure adequate food consumption for targeted Sudanese and Central African refugees and returnees as well as food-insecure Chadian households, particularly in the Sahelian belt of Chad; (ii)Support the livelihoods of targeted food-insecure communities and households, by strengthening their resilience and reducing risks associated disaster and shocks and (iii)Reduce acute malnutrition in children under five and pregnant and lactating women; and chronic malnutrition in children aged 6 to 23 months in targeted areas.
Support to households in the Lake Chad Basin, through Regional Emergency Operation
Where feasible, market-based solutions through cash-based transfers will be encouraged to help address supply chain challenges in this landlocked country.Special nutritional assistance will be provided to children aged from 6-months to 23- months to prevent the deterioration of their nutritional status.
Support for populations affected by the crisis in Central African Republic (C.A.R.)
A regional EMOP covering C.A.R., Cameroon, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and the Republic of Congo, aims to respond to the life-saving needs of populations affected by the crisis: refugees, returnees and host communities. In 2015, WFP distributed food vouchers to 13,000 Chadian returnees and 5,000 people among host communities. WFP also provided similar assistance to around 90,000 returnees and food distributions to 66,000 refugees from C.A.R. (under PRRO 200713).
In 2016, WFP will provide meals to 120,000 students in prioritized areas of the Sahel where food insecurity is high, food production is poor - even in relatively good years, and school enrolment is low. An emergency school meal programme is also being implemented in the Lake Chad region for 15,000 children.
UN Humanitarian Air Service
In support of the humanitarian community in Chad, WFP manages the UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS). Four aircrafts provide a link to 19 destinations throughout the country for both personnel and light cargo. Aircraft operations have bases in various locations in the country, including N’Djamena, Abéché and Goz Beida. Over 120 user organizations rely on UNHAS to implement and monitor activities in Chad.
World Food Programme partners in Chad
WFP cannot fight global hunger and poverty alone. These are our partners in Chad:
- Minister of Education
- Minister of Agriculture
- Minister of Plan and Prospective
- Minister of Health
- Bureau d’Appui en Santé et Environnement
- C.A.R.E. International
- Centre de Support en Santé Internationale
- Chadian Red Cross
- ACT Alliance
- Hebrew Immigrant Society
- Humanitarian Initiative for Local Development
- Intermon Oxfam
- International Medical Corps (IMC)
- International Rescue Committee (IRC)
- Islamic Relief Worldwide
- Doctors Without Borders Swiss
- Oxfam UK
- Secours Catholique et Développement
- Secours Islamique de France
- World Vision International
Want to know more about WFP partners? Visit WFP's Partnerships section.
Featured Chad publications
A Country Brief provides the latest snapshot of the country strategy, operations, operational highlights (achievements and issues/challenges), partnerships and country background.
Looking for more publications on Chad? Visit the Chad publications archive.