According to the Cadre Harmonisé results, 13 million people in the region, including Chad, are food insecure despite average harvests. The projected performance of the 2013-2014 crop is mixed, with average to below-average conditions in parts of the Sahel. Cereal prices are decreasing seasonally on most markets, while remaining above their respective five year averages. Elevated millet and sorghum prices are raising concerns over food security and for regional food procurement opportunities. The pastoral situation is generally good with adequate animal health, pasture and water availability. However, pasture deficits are observed in local areas of Chad and other countries. In these areas, pasture availability may deteriorate before the usual pastoral lean season, causing premature livestock movements and potential conflicts.
The cumulative impact of staple food price changes on the cost of the basic food basket from October to December 2013 was moderate. In a number of countries of the region seasonally adjusted prices of staples increased significantly between Q3 and Q4 2013. These include a 41% rise for maize in Chad.