Central African Republic
Current issues and what the World Food Programme is doing
The World Food Programme’s (WFP) Central African Republic response helps people affected by the conflict, by delivering relief and recovery assistance to improve food security and organising logistics.
The Central African Republic is undergoing a precarious transition, after two years of civil conflict that threatened the country’s existence. The crisis – which began when the rebel Seleka coalition overran much the country in late 2012 – killed thousands. Violence between Christians and minority Muslims was rife. Out of population of some 4.4 million, 600,000 were internally displaced; half a million fled.
The fighting further weakened a landlocked, resource-rich but development-challenged country, where institutions were fragile at best and basic services scarce. Data from 2014 puts the C.A.R. last but one for Human Development (187th out of 188). Today, sporadic violence continues as the country struggles to rebuild. Rebel groups control parts of the territory; political and religious tension is high.
Current issues in the Central African Republic
The C.A.R. remains extremely volatile, with sporadic surges of violence against a backdrop of state disintegration; a survival economy; and armed groups which have become more fragmented and criminalized.
The crisis has caused massive population displacement and severe humanitarian and economic hardship. Household assets and reserves are depleted. A joint WFP/FAO assessment in March 2016 found last year’s overall crop to be 54 percent below the pre-crisis average. The scale and intensity of food insecurity are unprecedented: an estimated 2.5 million people are affected – more than half of the population, and almost twice as many as in September 2014.
With elections scheduled for December, analysts point to potential increased instability and a significant risk of additional displacement into neighbouring countries.
What the World Food Programme is doing in the Central African Republic
WFP assistance in the C.A.R. focuses on improving the food security and nutrition situation of the displaced and vulnerable populations. It aims to improve food consumption, reduce undernutrition, and restore the access to basic services of populations affected by conflict.
In 2016, WFP plans to assist 997,000 people in the C.A.R. – up from 923,000 in 2015, when we distributed around 33,000 metric tons of food and USD 1.1 million.
• WFP assists the internally displaced, host communities and affected local populations through general food distributions, food for asset recovery activities and Purchase for Progress (P4P), complementing in-kind support with cash-based transfers.
• WFP provides blanket supplementary feeding for affected households with children aged 6-23 months, and treatment services for moderately acute malnourished children aged 6-59 months, as well as pregnant and lactating women. WFP also provides school meals for children among internally displaced and affected host communities.
• In addition, the WFP-managed UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) provides transport to 28 destinations for the humanitarian community to areas that are otherwise inaccessible due to insecurity, poor infrastructure or flooding. The monthly average is 2800 passengers and 27.5. metric tons of cargo.
World Food Programme partners in the Central African Republic
WFP cannot fight global hunger and poverty alone. These are our partners in the C.A.R.:
• Association Agropastorale de NDA (NDA)
• Ministry of Education (CAR)
• Ministry of Health (CAR)
• Ministry of the Plan (CAR)
• Ministry of Rural Development (CAR)
Featured Central African Republic publications
A Country Brief provides the latest snapshot of the country strategy, operations, operational highlights (achievements and issues/challenges), partnerships and country background.
A Situation Report is a concise operational document with latest updates on the World Food Programme's (WFP) response to an emergency. It gives an overview of WFP’s activities and informs the wider humanitarian community and other interested stakeholders about WFP’s response.
Looking for more publications on Central African Republic? Visit the Central African Republic publications archive.