WFP activities are carried out through three projects in support of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 1 through 6 in order to address the country’s complex challenges. Activities are consistent with national strategies and conform to humanitarian partner interventions. WFP operations are thus in line with the Government's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper II (2011-2015) and the intergovernmental United Nations Peacebuilding Commission's Strategic Framework for Peacebuilding (2009-2011). WFP's interventions are also coordinated through the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (2012-2016) and the annual Consolidated Appeals Process.
WFP implements a Protracted Recovery and Relief Operation (PRRO) in the conflict-affected north of the country, as well as in parts of the southeast and southwest. This project aims to save lives, improve people's food security and nutritional status and rebuild livelihoods. Through general food distributions, WFP assists 19,000 IDPs and returnees and 14,000 refugees – Sudanese in Ouaka and Congolese (DRC) refugees in Mbomou/Haut Mbomou and Lobaye. Nutrition assistance is provided to 20,000 malnourished children 6–59 months, 6,300 malnourished mothers and 2,700 caretakers of severely malnourished children receiving treatment. Assistance is also provided to 2,400 people living with HIV through a pilot food-for-prescription activity. Furthermore, WFP supports school meals to facilitate the return of 55,000 primary students to school, provides food-for-assets to 76,000 people (seed protection rations, land/basic infrastructure rehabilitation) and skill/technical training as well as support for disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration. Subject to approval, a new Budget Revision will provide an additional 120,000 people with food assistance.
In the South of the country, under the Country Programme, WFP provides school meals to 76,000 primary and 4,300 pre-school children to encourage attendance and enrolment. WFP also provides nutritional support to 45,000 malnourished children and pregnant and lactating women to prevent and treat moderate acute malnutrition, in line with the National Protocol on Nutrition.
In addition, WFP manages the UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS). This UNHAS provides transport for the humanitarian community to areas that are otherwise inaccessible due to insecurity, poor infrastructure, flooding, etc. More than 40 humanitarian organizations depend on UNHAS. UNHAS carries out a monthly average of 188 hours, and transports 545 passengers and 6.2 mt of cargo. Medical and security evacuations are performed as required. All 27 destinations are served, including locations in the rebel-controlled areas.
In 2013, WFP plans to assist 336,000 people. In 2012, WFP distributed around 9,000 mt of food to 333,000 people. WFP has been present in CAR since 1969.