Publications
Nutrition
9 July 2014

Malnutrition in Cambodia: the hidden problem that costs up to US$400 million annually.

There are currently 5 million undernourished Cambodian citizens. A study released in December 2013 by the Council for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD), WFP and UNICEF reveals that malnutrition costs between US$250 million and US$400 million annually or 1.5% to 2.5% of Cambodia’s total annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

"The Economic Consequences of Malnutrition in Cambodia: A Damage Assessment Report" finds that:

  • Most of the projected economic burden is associated with chronic malnutrition (stunting) and micronutrient deficiencies.
  • Malnutrition among mothers and young children may contribute to approximately 30% of child mortality in Cambodia (60,000 deaths) over the next decade.
  • Poor breastfeeding practices as well as vitamin A and zinc deficiencies cause up to 2.5 million annual cases of childhood diarrhea and respiratory infections with a significant cost to the health care system and individual families.
  • More than 60% of children with anemia or with less than normal height or weight suffer from deficits in mental and physical development and perform poorly in school. The resulting lower productivity and income deficit could impact the economy by up to US$180 million per year.
  • More than 3.3 million working age adults suffering from anemia and chronic weakness could impact labor output by an estimated US$138 million.
Food for Assets, Nutrition, School Meals
19 June 2014

Interested in learning more about our programmes in Cambodia? Check out the following Fact Sheets to help you understand our work in the country:

Food for Assets, Nutrition, School Meals
11 February 2014

The mid-term evaluation covers the operation Cambodia Country Programme 200202 (2011 - 2016). It was intended for both accountability and learning and focuses on assessing: i) the appropriateness and coherence of the operation; ii) its results; and iii) the factors explaining the results.

The evaluation assessed the following activities: school feeding; prevention of chronic hunger and undernutrition and nutritional support to children under 23 months, pregnant and lactating women; assistance to people living with HIV; and support to households and communities to improve food security through food and cash for assets.

The evaluation, which makes a number of recommendations for the future, was managed and conducted by a consultancy firm, with fieldwork taking place in May 2014.​

Nutrition
16 November 2012

Poor nutrition in the first 1,000 days of life – from the womb to two years of age – can lead to irreversible damage to children’s minds and bodies. The World Food Programme in Asia is targeting its food assistance to make sure that children and adults get the right food, at the right time, in the right place.

Emergencies, Food for Assets, General Food Distribution, Nutrition, School Meals
20 May 2011

 The Annual Evaluation Report for 2010 focuses on operational issues arising from evaluations of country portfolios and operations, and impact evaluations of selected school feeding programmes.

The findings reaffirm WFP’s corporate areas of strength in responding to emergencies under the most difficult circumstances and in providing school feeding, as one of the Programme’s flagship programmes. However, impact evaluations of these programmes also showed the importance of implementing school feeding in cooperation with partners who invest in education sector improvements. Areas where largest improvements can be made relate to food-for-work, where funding often is curtailed and thus strategic objectives moved beyond reach, and nutrition where the ambiguous objectives and small size of programmes make it difficult to demonstrate results.

Capacity Development, Climate Change, Emergencies, Gender, HIV/AIDS, Nutrition, School Meals
26 April 2011

One of four strategic evaluations related to WFP's shift from food aid to food assistance, this evaluation assesses how Country Offices have adapted to changing needs and the factors affecting those changes. Country Offices are at the front line of translating organizational goals into action.

The evaluation found many strategic changes are being made, affecting all aspects of WFP. Experienced and dedicated staff are actively working to make the changes a success. At the same time, the change process is still at a formative stage and the foundational elements need strengthening.

Nutrition, School Meals
5 January 2011

This is the second of a series of evaluations of the impact of WFP school feeding.  In the past ten years WFP school feeding has achieved its aim of supporting primary education by contributing to increased enrolment, attendance and promotion and to reduced drop-out rates in Cambodia. The school feeding programme had marked effects on nutrition and value transfers to households, but the school meals programme and take-home rations affected education, nutrition and value transfer in different ways.  Certain factors limited the positive effects, however.  The Cambodia programme functioned effectively and was well organized, the evaluation presents aspects that could be reinforced to make interventions more effective and sustainable.

Nutrition, School Meals
5 January 2011

This is the second of a series of evaluations of the impact of WFP school feeding.  In the past ten years WFP school feeding has achieved its aim of supporting primary education by contributing to increased enrolment, attendance and promotion and to reduced drop-out rates in Cambodia. The school feeding programme had marked effects on nutrition and value transfers to households, but the school meals programme and take-home rations affected education, nutrition and value transfer in different ways.  Certain factors limited the positive effects, however.  The Cambodia programme functioned effectively and was well organized, the evaluation presents aspects that could be reinforced to make interventions more effective and sustainable.