The new Country Programme and Protracted Relief and Recovery Programme support a monthly average of 800,000 food-insecure people through the rehabilitation of those suffering from malnutrition, the provision of school meals, food assistance to victims of climatic shocks, and the empowerment of communities to create assets and improve food production. WFP also assists over 20,000 refugees from the DR Congo and around 44,000 returnees and expellees (Burundians without refugee status) from neighbouring countries.
WFP support for refugees continues to be focused in three refugee camps in Burundi where Congolese refugees are assisted with a full ration of 2,100 kcal per day. This support reaches approximately 20,000 refugees per day.
Food-for-Training/Food-for-Assets activities target poor, rural households to increase agricultural production, improve access to markets and support income generating activities. Activities include infrastructure development, rehabilitation of deforested areas, agro-forestry and micro-economic training. These activities reach 350,000 beneficiaries.
WFP School Feeding targets primary schools in food-insecure areas. Hot meals are distributed to school boys and girls in order to encourage attendance, an increased attention span, enrollment and continued attendance. School Feeding is an umbrella concept and encompasses education, nutrition and health activities, also known as the Essential Package for Learning, with critical support from partner agencies FAO and UNICEF. 200,000 children currently receive food assistance under this programme.
Approximately 70,000 pregnant and nursing women who are underweight receive rations for six months before delivery and three months after birth. In addition, more than 7,000 malnourished children under five years of age receive corn-soya blend (CSB) to act as a supplement to a healthy meal. WFP currently offers food assistance to 6,000 HIV/AIDS patients undergoing ARV treatment as well.
WFP also provides food assistance for people in medical and social centres, including orphans, handicapped persons and those chronically ill. WFP gives food assistance to 4,300 beneficiaries.
High food prices have also been making the lives of the poorest even more difficult. WFP recently completed its Urban Response activities which provided food to poor households (mainly children and mothers) in the urban areas of Bujumbura Rural, Gitega and Ngozi in order to mitigate the impact of high fuel and food prices.