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Capacity Development in Support of the Strategic Grain Reserve in Aftghanistan

In Afghanistan, some 7.6 million people are food-insecure and experience high levels of under-nutrition due to poverty, conflict-induced displacement, poor quality basic services, weak institutional capacities and fluctuating food prices. Recurring natural hazards and disasters and regular climatic shocks affect some 250,000 people already vulnerable to food insecurity. When severe drought hit 14 northern and central provinces in 2011 and 2012, the prevalence of food insecurity in the northeast, central highlands and southwest regions, during winter and spring lean seasons was evident. During this time, 2.6 million affected people needed assistance to avert hunger and malnutrition. 

2. The Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GoIRA) is cognizant of the country’s humanitarian and development challenges including natural and manmade 
disasters inducing food insecurity. Aware of the efficiency and effectiveness of food reserves, and informed by FAO studies,1 the Government has devised a Strategic Grain Reserves (SGR) programme whose objectives are to:

1) provide emergency food assistance to transitory food insecure households;

2) support communities and farmers with storage facilities;

3) assist producers to secure fair prices at harvest times; and

4) contribute to domestic food price stabilization. The programme aims at establishing a food reserve of some 200,000 mt capacity by 2015, to assist about 2 million people for 6 months, and 300,000 mt by 2024. In addition, the programme will eventually contribute to availability and accessibility to local grains, including fortified wheat flour. 
3. The Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation, and Livestock (MAIL) is the leading entity for the programme. It has established a Strategic Reserves Directorate to administer the initiative, coordinate policy formulation, and oversee development of the institutional infrastructure or the SGR and other inception activities. 

Operation documents
Budget revisions
Resourcing updates
WFP Offices
Country at a glance 2014
Planned Beneficiaries0
Beneficiary needs (mt)0
Beneficiary needs ($US)179,360,114
Donors - 2014 ($US)
Donors - Directed contributions
Multilateral contributionsUS$ -3,335,374
USA97,861,942
Republic of Korea11,000,000
Japan10,800,000
Australia8,819,330
Canada7,719,928
UN Common Funds and Agencies (excl CERF)7,505,681
Netherlands5,000,000
Switzerland2,192,072
UN CERF1,999,966
Germany1,360,544
Finland1,261,034
United Kingdom1,064,963
Luxembourg295,736
Poland232,459
Private Donors198,353
Saudi Arabia143,218
Threats to food security
  • Insecurity
  • Difficult access to markets
  • Poor sanitation
  • Low education level
  • Drought
  • Floods
  • Environmental degradation