Current issues and what the World Food Programme is doing
What are the current issues in Sudan
Sudan remains one of WFP's largest and most complex operations. In 2013, WFP plans to provide food assistance to four million people in Sudan, including 2.9 million conflict-affected people in Darfur and one million people in central and eastern Sudan and in the conflict-affected states of Blue Nile and South Kordofan.
Sudan remains a least-developed country and a low-income food-deficit country. In the 2013 Humanitarian Development Index it is ranked 171 out of 187 countries. Sudan’s oil-dependent economy was severely weakened when it lost 75 percent of its oil revenue following the separation of South Sudan in July 2011. The country’s economy shrank by 4.4 percent in 2012 and it is projected to grow by a mere 1.2 percent in 2013. A continued economic decline would affect the food security of many people throughout Sudan.
Despite a good harvest in 2012 in areas where WFP operates, food security remains fragile and is threatened by a combination of conflict, insecurity and high food prices.
The on-going conflict in Darfur – now into its tenth year – has caused humanitarian needs in this region to be alarmingly high. An estimated 2.9 million conflict-affected people in Darfur, at least half of whom are displaced, will need food assistance.
In the border states of Blue Nile and South Kordofan, conflict has caused massive displacements and disruptions in livelihoods. It is expected that over half a million people across two states are food insecure.
Results of national nutrition surveys highlight the continuing poor nutritional status of young children across Sudan. Thirty-five percent of children 6 to 59 months are stunted, 16 percent are wasted and 32 percent are underweight. The prevalence of low birth weight remains high at 31 percent. Global acute malnutrition in areas where WFP operates ranges from 17 percent after the harvest up to 35 percent during the lean season.
In 2013, WFP plans to provide food assistance to four million people in Sudan, including 2.9 million conflict-affected people in Darfur and one million people in central and eastern Sudan and in the conflict-affected states of Blue Nile and South Kordofan.
What the World Food Programme is doing in Sudan
WFP operations in Sudan aim to address the emergency food needs of displaced and conflict-affected people, promote long-term food security and build resilience among communities.
WFP has designed three nutrition programmes; targeted seasonal supplemental ration, integrated blanket supplementary feeding and targeted feeding to address continuing poor nutritional status of children, pregnant women and nursing women. In 2013, a total of 638,000 children and women will be included in these nutrition.
In highly food insecure areas, WFP’s School Feeding Programme will serve as the platform to provide additional support to school children and keep them in school. Through the School Feeding Programme, WFP plans to provide healthy school meals to over half a million children in Darfur and over 400,000 children in other parts of Sudan.
Food for Assets will be at the heart of WFP’s assistance strategy in Sudan. Through programmes like Safe Access to Firewood and Alternative Energy and Farmers to Market, WFP plans to rebuild livelihoods of over one million people in Darfur and another 300,000 in central and eastern Sudan.
Food vouchers are found to be cost-effective and the preferred option for the majority of those receiving food assistance in Darfur and in central and eastern Sudan. WFP will continue to provide cash vouchers to over 600,000 people in Darfur and over 100,000 in central and eastern Sudan.
Featured Sudan publications
A Country Brief provides the latest snapshot of the country strategy, operations, operational highlights (achievements and issues/challenges), partnerships and country background.
Looking for more publications on Sudan? Visit the Sudan publications archive.