Sudan remains a least-developed country and a low-income food-deficit country. In the 2013 Humanitarian Development Index it is ranked 171 out of 187 countries. Sudan’s oil-dependent economy was severely weakened when it lost 75 percent of its oil revenue following the separation of South Sudan in July 2011. The country’s economy shrank by 4.4 percent in 2012 and it is projected to grow by a mere 1.2 percent in 2013. A continued economic decline would affect the food security of many people throughout Sudan.
Despite a good harvest in 2012 in areas where WFP operates, food security remains fragile and is threatened by a combination of conflict, insecurity and high food prices.
The on-going conflict in Darfur – now into its tenth year – has caused humanitarian needs in this region to be alarmingly high. An estimated 2.9 million conflict-affected people in Darfur, at least half of whom are displaced, will need food assistance.
In the border states of Blue Nile and South Kordofan, conflict has caused massive displacements and disruptions in livelihoods. It is expected that over half a million people across two states are food insecure.
Results of national nutrition surveys highlight the continuing poor nutritional status of young children across Sudan. Thirty-five percent of children 6 to 59 months are stunted, 16 percent are wasted and 32 percent are underweight. The prevalence of low birth weight remains high at 31 percent. Global acute malnutrition in areas where WFP operates ranges from 17 percent after the harvest up to 35 percent during the lean season.
In 2013, WFP plans to provide food assistance to four million people in Sudan, including 2.9 million conflict-affected people in Darfur and one million people in central and eastern Sudan and in the conflict-affected states of Blue Nile and South Kordofan.