Fifteen years of civil war since 1993, combined with extreme poverty, a fragile political process and recurrent climatic shocks have severely undermined Burundi’s economic and nutrition indicators. Only 28 percent of the population is food-secure and as many as 58 percent are chronically malnourished. Food security for the majority of Burundians has not improved in recent years, despite a gradual return to peace. Average annual food deficits in Burundi range from 350,000 to more than 500,000 metric tons in cereal equivalent against an annual average requirement of 1,746,000 tons, while food production has stagnated at pre-1993 levels. With a population growth rate of nearly three percent per annum, per capita agricultural production has declined by 24 percent since 1993. As a result, the average per capita production now stands at 1,472 kilocalories per day - the recommended minimum requirement is 2,100. Even during harvest season, households spend up to two-thirds of their income on food. Burundi is one of the ‘red zone’ countries identified by both FAO and WFP as being among the most affected by soaring food prices. After so many years of conflict, the capacity of the government to respond to this new challenge is limited. Burundi, like much of Central Africa, is also prone to natural disasters. Floods, hailstorms, drought and torrential rain are recurrent in Burundi. In recent years, the country has registered an unusually high number of natural disasters which have contributed to the displacement of communities, the destruction of homes, the disruption of livelihoods and the further deterioration of food and nutrition security. In 2011, WFP assisted more than 72,000 vulnerable households affected by drought, torrential rain and hailstorms.