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Armenia

Summary
Signature Photo: 
Summary Title: 
School Meals In Armenia Supports Entire Community
Summary Text: 

WFP is implementing in Armenia – in partnership with the Ministry of Education and Science – a school meals project for 50,000 primary school children in seven out of Armenia’s eleven administrative districts. The project’s goal is to support the establishment of a sustainable national school meals programme that is part of national policies and budgets. WFP plans to hand over the management of the project to the government in 2016.

Summary Image Caption: 

This bridge was built thanks to a food-for-work activity WFP implemented as part of its school meals projects. The project helped the community replace an old bridge that was a daily threat to children on their way to school. Copyright: WFP/Abeer Etefa

Summary URL: 
https://www.wfp.org/node/3399/4428/331487
Body Text: 

Overview

The main humanitarian concern for the Government of Armenia is the poverty that continues to impact one third of the population.

While economic growth remained robust in 2005, the sustainability of such growth over the long-run is not assured.

The country remains highly dependent on remittances from abroad and international assistance. Food assistance is critical for thousands who lack food security because of limited economic opportunities.

Overall food availability worsens in the winter months when extra calories are needed for coping with the harsh climatic conditions and lack of heating. Armenia's largest borders with two of its neighbours, Azerbaijan and Turkey, remain closed, stifling trade and economic development.

The country's main trade links are by rail and road through Georgia's Black Sea port.

WFP Activities

WFP has been present in Armenia since late 1993. Food distributions were started in 1994 under an emergency operation targeting refugees from Azerbaijan.

In 1999, the emergency operation was replaced with a Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO), reaching 110,000 beneficiaries, including resident vulnerable groups.

The current operation contributes to the recovery process in line with the national priorities of poverty eradication, enhancing national safety nets, improving rural infrastructure and fostering education through relief food distributions, food-for-education and food-for-work/training activities. Under the current operation, WFP activities include:

  • Relief food distribution which assists 40,000 people and supplements the Government's social welfare system by meeting the essential food needs of the targeted poor population in urban areas;
  • Food for Work which reaches 40,000 people in the poorest rural areas through the creation of temporary employment, improved food security and rehabilitated public assets, including schools, kindergartens, drinking and irrigation water networks and agricultural warehouses;
  • Food for Education reaches 30,000 children in pre and primary schools in vulnerable rural communities with the aim to ensure attendance and improve retention and learning capacities;
  • Food for Training focuses on health and nutrition and helps increase awareness, and develop micro-enterprise skills for unemployed able-bodied persons.

WFP's current operation assists 110,000 people with 27,948 metric tons of food at an overall cost of US$13.2 million. A follow-on operation, covering the period until December 2008, is underway to ensure a smooth handover to the Government and other stakeholders.

Threats to Food Security: 
  • Occasional severe earthquakes
  • Deforestation
  • Increased desertification
  • Soil erosion
  • Winter frosts
  • Floods
  • Droughts
  • Seasonal fluctuations in food availability
Custom Callout
Custom Callout Title: 
ГОВОРИТЕ ПО-РУССКИ?
Custom Callout Body: 

ЧИТАЙТЕ О ВПП ООН НА РУССКОЙ ВЕРСИИ САЙТА

Latitude: 
40.1595917
Longitude: 
44.5089989
legacy ID: 
051
ISO31661_Char2Code: 
AM
ISO31661_Char3Code: 
ARM
ISO31661_NumberCode: 
51
ISO31661_Name: 
Armenia
Facts and Figures
Climate: 
Highland continental with extreme summer and winter temperatures
Terrain: 
Highland with mountains; little forest land; fast flowing rivers; good soil in Aras River valley
Food production: 
Fruit (especially grapes), vegetables; livestock
Annual harvest: 
June-October summer crops
Agricultural production (% of GDP): 
20.5
Human Development Index: 
0.775
Children under weight for age (% of children under 5): 
4.2
Population undernourished (% of total pop.): 
23
Global hunger index - label: 
Moderate
Global hunger index - value: 
9.8
infant mortality rate per 1000 live birth - 2005 UNDP : 
26
Crisis
Crisis Active: 
No Crisis