In recent decades, Uganda has experienced the damaging effects of civil conflict within its borders and political instability in neighbouring countries. A civil war fought across the Acholi subregion in the north has left much of the population there displaced in camps and transit sites. Instability in the Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo has led thousands of refugees to seek asylum in the West Nile and Southwest subregions of western Uganda.
However, there are now potential opportunities for resolving some of these longstanding crises. The initiation of peace talks between the Lord’s Resistance Army and the Government of Uganda in 2006 has rekindled hope for a resolution of this conflict and the predicament of the internally displaced in camps. The signing of the Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005 has likewise increased the prospect that Sudanese refugees in West Nile will be able to return home. However, violence is likely to continue in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, leading to further refugee influxes into the Southwest subregion.
In response to this changing context, the Government launched its Peace, Recovery, and Development Plan to mobilize human and financial resources for the conflict-affected areas; the plan provides a framework for the efforts of the humanitarian community. An external evaluation of the previous protracted relief and recovery operation (Uganda PRRO 10121.1) and the findings of several emergency food security assessments have confirmed the continued need for humanitarian assistance in the crisis-affected areas. Therefore, the overall goal of the proposed protracted relief and recovery operation is to support the Government’s efforts to save lives and address acute malnutrition among internally displaced persons and refugees affected by protracted crises.
To achieve this goal, WFP and partners will address the immediate causes of undernutrition through an innovative relief programme. General distributions will be aimed at preventing beneficiaries from becoming malnourished; beneficiaries will receive either a food ration or cash/vouchers and will attend on-site sensitization about caring practices. Supplementary and therapeutic feeding will be provided for beneficiaries who are already malnourished, using a community-based approach and introducing locally developed nutritional products. These relief efforts will be phased out of two areas (Acholi and West Nile) over the course of the operation; complementary recovery activities in the country programme will support this transition.
This document represents a modification of PRRO 10121.2. In line with the Executive Board’s request, it is streamlined with a clear focus on life-saving humanitarian assistance. The activities are consistent with the goals of WFP Strategic Objective 1 (saving lives and addressing acute malnutrition), Millennium Development Goal 1 (eradicating extreme poverty and hunger) and Goal 1 of the WFP country strategy for Uganda (preventing hunger-related deaths). They implement the new gender policy, with an emphasis on operational actions to support women. However, their success will depend upon continued positive political developments in Uganda and neighbouring countries.