This Operation has been modified as per Budget revision 5 (see below).
Afghanistan faces a protracted humanitarian crisis in which both the relief and recovery requirements must be addressed. Afghanistan is frequently hit by natural disasters such as drought, and is suffering from the consequences of 30 years of civil unrest. Humanitarian access in Afghanistan has restrictions because of fighting between insurgent armed groups and the combination of the International Security Assistance Force, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and the Afghan National Army forces. The challenges facing the country are compounded by the widespread insecurity resulting from conflict, with resultant displacement and reduced humanitarian access, limited institutional capacities, destroyed health and education, non-cohesive partnerships, market volatility and Afghanistan’s landlocked status.Hunger and malnutrition are widespread: 7.3 million people in a total population of 26 million are considered food-insecure; with another 5.4 million at risk.
An independent evaluation of the 2006–2009 operation confirmed the relevance, appropriateness and coherence of WFP’s activities in Afghanistan. These will be enhanced in this operation to enhance resilience and food security, with emphasis on saving lives, restoring livelihoods, gender equality, strengthening central and provincial government capacity. In response to recommendations to strengthen the monitoring and evaluation system for programme refinement and accountability, there is an expansion of the capacity and geographical coverage of monitoring and evaluation.
This operation will seek to use food assistance effectively and efficiently in line with the WFP Strategic Plan and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework 2010–13. The activities are linked to Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7.
Protracted relief and recovery operation 200063 has the following primary objectives:
- support conflict- and disaster-affected people, internally displaced persons and other vulnerable groups, including malnourished children and pregnant and lactating women, whose food security has been adversely affected by shocks (Strategic Objective 1);
- support the re-establishment of the livelihoods of communities and families affected by shocks, including through basic education and basic skills training for girls and women (Strategic Objective 3); and
- improve the success of tuberculosis treatment (Strategic Objective 4).
The operation will also support and increase the capacities of the Government to prepare for, assess and respond to acute hunger arising from disasters (Strategic Objective 2) and develop local food security systems and the capacity to predict and reduce hunger (Strategic Objective 5).
The operation will be implemented in all of the country’s 34 provinces, with the activities selected according to provincial context. Activities will be implemented in partnership with government counterparts, civil society, non-governmental organizations, and United Nations agencies. In view of unpredictable and frequent sudden-onset disasters, activities are designed to allow shifting from relief to recovery and vice versa to better address the needs of affected populations while seizing opportunities for early recovery.
The three-year commitment in this operation will ensure stronger institutional support, from the ministerial level to the community level. Communities have been disappointed because international support has not yet brought the expected improvements and peace dividends, but the duration of the operation will allow for strong engagement, partnerships and joint planning with communities, leading to greater trust and improved performance of activities at field level. It will allow WFP to respond to the immediate food needs while supporting recovery from multiple shocks, building resilience and playing a significant role in the stabilization process.