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This Operation has been modified as per Budget revision 4 (see below).

Despite the emergency response to the 2009/10 food and nutritional crisis and exceptionally good harvests and pastures for 2011, poor communities are still vulnerable. Shocks in recent years have depleted household assets and eroded their capacity to restore livelihoods.

In the past five years prevalence of acute malnutrition has been “serious” to “critical”, with peaks during the April–October lean season. The nutritional survey in October 2010 showed that the rate of global acute malnutrition was 15.5 percent, compared with 16.7 percent in June 2010, which confirmed the needs to continue emergency nutrition interventions and address the structural causes of malnutrition.

WFP’s strategy is based on recommendations arising from stakeholders’ responses, a programme formulation mission, a review by the nutrition cluster of the 2010 relief response and a nutrition-support mission.

Protracted relief and recovery operation 200051 has the following objectives:

 reduce the level of acute malnutrition among children under 5 and pregnant and lactating women in targeted emergency-affected populations, focusing on the 1,000-day window of opportunity from the womb to 2 years of age (Strategic Objective 1);

 improve food  consumption among populations whose food and nutrition security has been affected by drought or floods (Strategic Objective 1); and

 restore and rebuild livelihoods in post-disaster situations (Strategic Objective 3).

The operation will give priority to the first 1,000 days from the womb to 2 years of age, a window of opportunity to address inadequate nutrition to prevent it from having life-long negative consequences. It will provide targeted supplementary feeding for moderately acutely malnourished children aged 6–59 months and pregnant and lactating women, and will continue blanket feeding for children aged 6–23 months and breastfeeding women to prevent malnutrition. It includes unconditional targeted food assistance for the most vulnerable households during the lean season.

Vulnerable households in remote food-insecure areas with inadequate markets will benefit from food-for-work schemes; cash-for-work schemes will be implemented in areas with functioning markets.

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