The floods in Pakistan in July and August 2010 were the most severe in the country in living memory, with impact that varied across regions: flash floods in the mountainous north and parts of Balochistan were highly destructive; in Punjab and northern Sindh slower-onset flooding affected densely populated and cultivated areas; in lower Sindh, where soils were saturated, the impacts are expected to be longer-term. The Government estimated that 20 million people were affected: 1.1 million houses were destroyed or uninhabitable; 2 million hectares of crops were damaged or lost. Longer-term food security prospects are unpredictable. WFP is responding to the crisis through an emergency operation for 7.3 million people.
- save lives and avert hunger among internally displaced and other crisis-affected people (Strategic Objective 1);
- and restore and rebuild lives and livelihoods in post-crisis and transition situations among vulnerable groups affected by food insecurity and malnutrition (Strategic Objective 3).
The operation will support government disaster risk management capacities, particularly in emergency logistics and emergency food needs assessment. It contributes to Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7 and is to be implemented in 23 districts in partnership with government counterparts, non-governmental organizations and United Nations agencies. The operation is designed to be flexible to adapt to changing realities and to shift from relief to recovery and vice versa. Cash transfers are planned where market conditions permit; they have already been piloted, with positive effects.