This Operation has been modified as per Budget Revision 1 (see below).
One year on, following the secession of South Sudan, several major issues remain unresolved between the Governments of Sudan and South Sudan, including sharing of oil revenue, border demarcation, the status of the Abyei region and citizenship status.
In June 2011, conflict broke out in the State of South Kordofan. WFP initially assisted some 200,000 conflict-affected persons—including those in areas held by opposition groups—with food stuffs prepositioned in strategic locations. Assistance was suspended in August 2011 as WFP was not provided access clearance to conduct assessments or to replenish its stocks, coupled with the risk of on-going fighting and land mines.
The Government of Sudan conducted some limited distribution in Governmentheld areas but has subsequently requested WFP to intervene. WFP maintained its position towards the Government of Sudan that prior to providing assistance WFP would need to conduct appropriate food security assessments with international staff in Government-held areas. As a result, in late May 2012 WFP gained access for international staff to conduct joint assessments with the Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC).
The assessments found that an estimated 170,000 people require urgent humanitarian assistance in South Kordofan with UN agencies mobilizing resources to meet the needs. Negotiations regarding access to affected populations in non-Government controlled areas are on-going.
WFP is closely collaborating with the HAC and the Sudanese Red Crescent (SRC) to conduct assessments and food distribution in South Kordofan. WFP is also taking the lead in coordinating logistics operations for UN agencies to augment common logistics capabilities and facilitate a coordinated response.
As requested by the Government of Sudan, WFP remains the sole provider of logistics services for the UN’s humanitarian response in South Kordofan. FAO, WHO, UNICEF, UNHCR, OCHA, WFP, SRC, all the agencies involved, have endorsed WFP’s concept of operation, which has received the full endorsement from the UN Humanitarian Coordinator in Sudan.
Under this Special Operation (SO), WFP aims to provide agencies with logistics support and to continue to lead coordination efforts for timely delivery of relief assistance in South Kordofan.
The SO is planned to operate for three months (1 August – 31 October 2012) with a total operational cost of US$336,774. Additional requirements and a budget revision for extension in time for this SO will be prepared, if needed.