This Operation has been modfied as per Budget Revision 5 (see below).
Despite improving economic growth rates, Mozambique remains among the poorest countries in the world, 168th of 177 on the 2006 Human development Index; 54 percent of the population live below the poverty line; 34 percent of households are food-insecure.
Frequent natural disasters and the HIV/AIDS pandemic – adult HIV prevalence in Mozambique is 16.2 percent – impact household and community resilience.
The triple threat of food insecurity, HIV/AIDS and insufficient institutional capacity renders the country vulnerable to chronic and transitory food insecurity. Asset-poor and labour-poor households, orphans and vulnerable children and people living with HIV are particularly vulnerable to food insecurity, which affects their ability to benefit from economic, social and health gains.
This protracted relief and recovery operation addresses the impact of natural, social and health risks through the integration of food assistance in four sectors:
- disaster preparedness and response;
- livelihood protection and promotion;
- social assistance;
- health and nutrition.
The operation follows a consultative process among stakeholders. Building on issues identified in the evaluations, it will support decentralized planning and coordination, improve food assistance in other services and increase local food purchases to support national agriculture and trade development.
The operation supports government strategies for vulnerability reduction, social protection of vulnerable groups and integration of nutrition and dietary support in health services. Under the “Delivering as One” initiative, WFP will participate in consolidation of United Nations programmes and in the integration of United Nations programmes into government plans and budgets.