This Operation has been modified as per Budget Revision 2 (see below).
Sudan remains one of the World Food Programme’s (WFP) most complex operations, and large-scale humanitarian assistance in conflict-affected areas will continue to be needed in 2011. While some progress has been made in the overall security and stability situation since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005, the widespread destruction and population displacement caused by decades of war, further exacerbated by recent poor harvests, high food prices and ongoing conflict, leave much of Sudan engulfed in a humanitarian crisis. The cereal deficit across Sudan cannot be met by current national reserves or by commercial imports. Food security assessments in the East, the Three Areas, Darfur and the South confirm low food availability, poor functioning markets and high malnutrition rates. In principle the beneficiary total should reflect the number of individuals to be assisted during the life of the operation (including through food, cash and vouchers interventions). Insecurity remains a primary concern for the humanitarian community, particularly in Darfur where military confrontations have escalated between the Sudanese Armed Forces and rebel groups as well as between tribes. This has a detrimental impact on the delivery of humanitarian assistance and incites even greater movement of people in a region where some 2 million have already been displaced. Targeted attacks and incidents of kidnapping of humanitarian workers continue, leading to suspension of activities and disruptions in the delivery of life-saving assistance. The security situation is unlikely to improve as United Nations planning scenarios for 2011 indicate that political instability and conflicts in all three regions of Sudan may increase in the run up to the referendum on 9 January 2011 and beyond. Despite the prevailing security context, WFP is uniquely placed to provide a timely and appropriate response to the evolving needs of Sudan’s most food-insecure people. It has the deepest field presence in Sudan, an extensive logistics network and geographical outreach, more than 200 cooperating partnerships, and early warning as well as food security monitoring systems. In the event of an emergency or unforeseen shock, the operation also has the capacity to scale up dramatically, as was made evident after the expulsion of nongovernmental organization (NGO) cooperating partners in 2009 and during the 2010 food crisis in Southern Sudan. The core objectives of the operation are to save lives, reduce food insecurity, stabilize malnutrition rates, and help restore the livelihoods of vulnerable and conflict-affected populations. These objectives correspond primarily to WFP Strategic Objective 1 (“save lives and protect livelihoods in emergencies”) and are consistent with Millennium Development Goals2 (MDGs) 1-6. WFP’s interventions will focus on life-saving assistance that meets the immediate consumption needs of vulnerable populations through general food rations, food-based nutrition programmes for malnourished children and pregnant and lactating women, and targeted food-for-asset activities to improve access to food and offset seasonal hunger in vulnerable areas. Where possible and relevant, WFP will also provide support to children in conflict and post-conflict areas through school meals.