This operation has been modified as per Budget revision 907 and extended in time until December 2010 as per Budget revision 6 (see below).
Fighting between government forces and the armed opposition across Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and North West Frontier Province (NWFP) has triggered significant displacement since August 2008. Analysis of the situation indicates that there is a strong likelihood of continued and intensified military offensives throughout 2009 with consequent impact on livelihoods well into 2010. The initial caseload of internally displaced people (IDP), estimated at 211,000, has been assisted up to February 2009 under WFP protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO 10671.0). However, in view of the substantial increase in the number of registered IDPs and the urgency of the situation, a separate emergency operation (EMOP) is now proposed.
Information gathered under the Multi Cluster Rapid Assessment Mechanism of the United Nations system in Pakistan rated food needs as the top priority expressed by the population surveyed. The beneficiary number is based on the current registration jointly implemented by the Social Welfare Department and verified by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. The World Health Organization and the United Nations Children’s Fund assessments indicate high levels of malnutrition among displaced children under 5 and raise concern over a marked decrease in breastfeeding of displaced mothers. Both IDPs and locally affected people have lost their livelihoods and the opportunities of employment either inside or outside the camps are extremely scarce. Pakistan’s financial crisis and the related International Monetary Fund engagement place severe limitations to the Government’s ability to respond to IDP needs with national resources.
The proposed assistance will be provided in close collaboration with the government, the United Nations system and non-governmental organizations. Strong coordination mechanisms are in place to avoid duplication of the Government’s own efforts with those of the humanitarian community. At the federal level, the National Disaster Management Authority leads the government activities and, with the Resident Coordinator/Humanitarian Coordinator co-chairs the Disaster Management Team. Under the Inter-Agency Country Team, WFP leads the Food and Agriculture and Logistics clusters. WFP works closely with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, which supports the NWFP Department of Social Welfare with the IDP registration and verification, and complements WFP’s food commodities with crucial non-food items. WFP’s assistance is part of an overall United Nations Humanitarian Response Plan until end of November 2009, a bridging period after which a Consolidated Appeal will be launched.
This EMOP aims to reach IDPs and locally-affected persons whose food and nutrition security has been adversely affected by the armed conflict. Activities will include general food distribution for the most vulnerable families and supplementary food distribution for children. It also aims to reduce malnutrition caused by the displacement of the population and as such meets Strategic Objective 1 of the WFP Strategic Plan (2008-2011): “save lives and protect livelihoods in emergencies”. The EMOP contributes to Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 1 “eradicate extreme poverty and hunger” and MDG 4 “reduce child mortality”.