This Operation has been modified as per Budget Revision 2 (see below).
The Republic of South Sudan, the world’s newest country, stands at a critical juncture in its post-independence period. While remarkable progress was made during the six years of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, culminating in the January 2011 referendum and independence on 9 July, life-threatening conditions still persist in many parts of the country. After nearly four decades of conflict, rapid rural transformation and livelihood improvement are among the top priorities for the new nation state. Faced with a multiplicity of challenges that are enormous both in scale and complexity, the new Government is struggling to respond due to limited institutional capacity, lack of basic infrastructure and insecurity.