DRC: Targeted Food Assistance to Victims of Armed Conflict and other Vulnerable Groups
The Democratic Republic of the Congo continues to suffer from armed conflict, massive population displacement – 2.6 million people have been displaced since 2009, predominantly in the east – and a persistent economic crisis. The national capacity to respond to crises is reduced by weak governance and corruption. Despite great agricultural potential and plentiful resources, 70 percent of the country’s 73.6 million people remain poor, and 6.4 million are acutely food-insecure. Global acute malnutrition ranges from 6.5 percent to 14.9 percent, well over the 15 percent threshold in some areas. The prevalence of stunting averages 40 percent. Net primary school enrolment is 75 percent, with significant disparities among provinces and between urban and rural areas; areas with large population displacements have the highest percentages of out-of-school children. Determinants of food insecurity include poverty, lack of infrastructure, poor utilization of food and limited access to markets. Markets in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo are well integrated and supplied with a variety of foods throughout the year, indicating the potential for using cash and voucher transfers.