Central African Republic - FAO/WFP Markets and Food Security Assessment Mission, April 2014
Central African Republic (CAR) is experiencing an unprecedented crisis in terms of both magnitude and intensity following the destabilization of the former regime in December 2012 and subsequent takeover by the rebel Séléka coalition in March 2013. The country has moved from a protracted crisis, characterized by chronic underdevelopment and localized emergency situations to an acute and complex emergency affecting almost the entire population. In December 2013, an unprecedented surge in violence and chaos in the capital Bangui and several provinces around the country, mainly in Ouham and Ouham Pende in the North-West, exacerbated this situation. Today, CAR is on the brink of total economic and social collapse resulting in severe national and potentially regional repercussions.
To better understand the current food security situation, an FAO/WFP Mission visited CAR from 3 to 11 March 2014. The Mission aimed to assess the impact of the wider economic disruptions on the food sector. More specifically, the Mission focused on: how the crisis has impacted commercial food supplies (supply side); the purchasing power of the population, particularly of those who do not have access to food assistance (demand side); and the potential short to medium term mitigation measures that the international community could employ.