This Operation has been modified as per Budget revision 1 (see below).
Despite considerable potential, the Central African Republic is one of the world's poorest countries, ranking 179 out of 182 countries in the Human Development Index. Socio-political instability stemming from a series of coups and military conflicts since the 1990s has caused large-scale displacement and has impeded development.Notwithstanding efforts aimed at restoring peace, conflicts continue in the north and southeast of the country, with grave humanitarian consequences.
The findings of the 2009 Comprehensive Food Security, Vulnerability and Nutritional Analysis show that 30 percent of households (1.2 million people) are food-insecure. Hardest-hit are areas experiencing conflict and violence. Moreover, the principal agricultural areas in the north and centre of the country, already affected by conflicts, have experienced irregular rainfall and a consequent drop in production.
Morbidity, mortality and malnutrition have reached critical levels in conflict areas. The ongoing violence, coupled with the Government’s limited capacity, has led to the degradation and disruption of the education and health systems, significantly increasing the vulnerability of the affected population to further shocks.
In April 2009, the Government asked WFP for an expansion of the protracted relief and recovery operation. The overall objective of the PRRO is to mitigate the impact of conflict on populations by meeting their immediate food needs, while contributing with partners, to the peace consolidation process through early recovery measures targeted to the most vulnerable populations. This operation will target seven conflict-affected prefectures in northern Central African Republic.
Under the relief component, WFP will meet the basic food needs of internally displaced persons, returnees and refugees, and ensure appropriate complementary feeding programmes for nutritionally at risk populations such as malnourished children under 5, pregnant and lactating women and food-insecure people living with HIV. Through the recovery component, WFP will restore and protect the livelihoods of populations hosting internally displaced persons and returnees, rehabilitating their productive assets. WFP will also contribute towards meeting the nutritional needs of school children and encouraging their return to school through the provision of school meals. WFP will partner with the Government, non-governmental organizations, United Nations agencies and communities to implement planned activities.
The protracted relief and recovery operation supports WFP strategic objectives 1 (save lives and protect livelihoods in emergencies) and 3 (restore and rebuild lives and livelihoods in post-conflict situations). It contributes to the Millennium Development Goals 1, 2, 4, 5 and 6, the national Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and the Common Humanitarian Action Plan.