This Operation has been modified as per Budget Revision 4 (see below).
Following the military coup d’état in March 2012 that toppled the Government of Mali, nonstate armed groups seized control of the key cities of Gao, Kidal and Timbuktu in the vast northern regions of the country. Hundreds of thousands of people, predominantly nomadic agro-pastoralists, fled their homes and moved either across the Malian border to become refugees or to safer locations within Mali, primarily in the south. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees reports 155,000 Malian refugees in neighbouring countries. The Commission on Population Movement estimates the number of internally displaced persons in Mali at 199,000. WFP and the early warning system estimate the host family members at 117,000.