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Centre of Excellence against Hunger News

News from the Centre of Excellence against Hunger.

As part of the technical assistance mission that the WFP Centre of Excellence against Hunger is providing to the government of Bangladesh, the consultant Nadia Goodman visited this week two schools located in Dhaka’s low-income areas.

Since March 30 she is in the capital, where she will stay for three weeks to support the government and the WFP country office in preparing a national seminar about school feeding, scheduled for June this year.

The two schools visited are part of the school feeding programme since 2009. The snacks are made out of fortified biscuits handed over daily to more than 1.500 children registered in the Sher-e-Bangla Government Primary School in Mirpur and in a learning center inside Bhasantek slum, ran by local NGO BRAC.

Many of those children go to school every morning without having an adequate breakfast. The WFP school feeding programme in Dhaka targets the ultra-poor population living in slums and assists 92.252 children in 573 schools – 114 Government Primary Schools and 459 NGO-run schools.

With the fortified biscuits, it is possible to feed each children during the complete school year for only US$ 30. An advantage of the school feeding programme is the increase of school’s enrolment. Since 2009, the average rate attendance improved by 22%.

According to Goodman, anecdotal feedback from teachers and parents revealed that students are less frequently absent as a result of illness, and are more attentive in class. “Evidently, urban school feeding has had an extremely positive impact on the health and wellbeing of ultra-poor school children, providing them with an opportunity to receive a meaningful education and break away from the cycle of poverty”, explains the consultant.

The WFP Centre of Excellence against Hunger consultant Nadia Goodman visited two schools located in Dhaka’s low-income areas. The three weeks mission objective is to support the Bangladesh government and the WFP country office in preparing a national seminar about school feeding


On 8 and 9 April, Senegal hosted the International Seminar about Social Protection in Africa. The event, a first of its kind, gathered 12 African countries and the Brazilian government to share experiences and promote the debate about social protection.

Organized in partnership by the African Union, Brazil, Senegal, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Instituto Lula, the seminar also counted with the participation of the WFP Centre of Excellence against Hunger, represented by the head of Programme, Christiani Buani.

Most part of the African countries experienced significant economic growth and social advances in the last decades. Ethiopia, Ghana and Kenya, for example, adopted broad social protection policies such as school feeding and cash transfer.

“Social protection measures anchored in human rights and in social, economic and environmental sustainable development have the power to alleviate poverty, increase resilience in the medium class in Africa and boost the transformation of the continent”, said the UNDP deputy-director, Ruby Sandhu-Rojon, during her speech in the opening ceremony of the event in Dakar.

In the South-South cooperation context, the seminar has the objective to foster bridges between African countries and Brazil – internationally recognized by its cash transfer programme, Bolsa Familia, that contributing for lifting millions out of poverty in the country through integrated social policies involving the crucial areas of health and education

Senegal held a seminar about social protection in Africa. The event, organized by the Brazilian government, the African Union and UNDP, was attended by 12 African countries to share experiences.


The WFP Centre of Excellence against Hunger and the WFP West Africa Regional Bureau undertook a joint mission to support Benin and Togo in their efforts to develop school feeding strategies. The mission was the planning step to respond to the governments’ request for technical support in the design and implementation of national school feeding programmes.

The mission was composed of Christiani Buani, head of the Programme Unit at the Centre of Excellence, Omar Benamour, School Feeding and Social Protection officer at the Regional Bureau, and Erika Oliveira, Centre of Excellence’s school feeding consultant. The mission was in Togo from March 30 through April 1, and in Benin from April 2 through 5. Erika Oliveira will be in Benin and Togo for one month along with two national consultants, to assist both countries putting in place the operational plan for their national school feeding policies.

Both Benin and Togo approved national school feeding policies and are now in the phase of designing the programmes in terms of financial mechanisms, operational structures, establishing the link with local smallholder farmers, and creating the institutional framework, which includes establishing coordination among the ministries and governmental institutions that need to contribute to the programmes. Benin and Togo participated in a study visit to Brazil, organized by the Centre of Excellence in 2014.


In Togo, the mission met with the minister of Education, Florent Badjam Maganawé, who reaffirmed the government’s commitment to develop the national school feeding programme. He also mentioned his intention of engaging in the coordination of the different ministries in order to maximize resources and multiply the benefits.

The participants of the mission met with the school feeding committee, composed by representatives of the ministries of Health, Social Development, Education, Agriculture, Local Development and others. Many of the members of this committee were part of the delegation that participated in the study visit to Brazil. As a result of the study visit, the government of Togo requested the continued support from the Centre of Excellence to develop the country’s school feeding policy. The mission also met with other institutions that can contribute to the execution of the programme, such as the World Bank.


The WFP delegation met with the minister of Plan and Development, Marcel Alain de Souza, who is responsible for managing many aspects of the relationship between the government of Benin and WFP. They also discussed with the director of the school feeding programme the next steps of the WFP support to the programme and the challenges they are facing to advance the implementation of their plan.

Another important meeting was with the secretary-general and technical staff of the Ministry of Agriculture. They also met the local UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) to discuss points of common interest and further cooperation. They also had a chance to discuss the post-study visit activities.

In both countries, the mission worked with the governments to approve the terms of reference for the consultants’ activities during the following month.

Benin and Togo received a special support from WFP. A joint mission by the WFP Centre of Excellence and WFP West Africa Regional Bureau visited the two countries to provide technical assistance in the design and implementation of their national school feeding programmes.


The WFP Centre of Excellence against Hunger participated in a training organized by Mozambique WFP Country Office and WFP headquarters about social protection and safety nets. The goal of the training was to capacitate the WFP staff on the basic concepts of social protection, safety nets and food and nutrition security. The event was also an opportunity to share WFP’s approach to social safety nets with external partners, including the Mozambican government, UN agencies, and cooperating NGOs.

From 9 to 13 of March, around 20 people discussed the roadmap of WFP’s work on social protection. The Brazilian experiences in safety nets, like the Zero Hunger Strategy, the conditional cash transfer programme Bolsa Família, the Food Acquisition Programme (PAA), and the National School Feeding Programme (PNAE), served as inspiration for the discussions in Mozambique, which aimed at establishing how safety nets can contribute to tackle a country’s vulnerability and poverty and build resilience.

Vinícius Limongi, member of the Centre of Excellence’s Programme Unit, and Nadia Goodman, Centre’s consultant, went to Mozambique to present the Centre’s experience in sharing knowledge and engaging governments in initiatives to create sustainable solutions to fight hunger and poverty, through the design and implementation of public policies. More specifically, they explained the Unified Registry methodology, used by the Brazilian government as the main tool to identify the target audience of social programmes and to monitor the beneficiaries of such progammes.

Besides participating in the training, Vinícius Limongi also engaged in meetings with the Mozambique WFP country director, the permanent secretary of the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Action of Mozambique, and representatives of the Mozambican office of the UK Department for International Development (DFID). These meetings aimed at aligning the Mozambican partners in the Partnership for National Social Development Initiatives (PNSDI), conducted by the Centre of Excellence with support from DFID. Participate in this initiative Ethiopia, Zambia, Kenya, the Gambia, and Mozambique.

The WFP Centre of Excellence's team shared with the WFP Mozambique country office the Brazilian experiences in social protection and safety nets, including the Zero Hunger Strategy, the conditional cash transfer programme Bolsa Família and the Unified Registry methodology

From 2 to 6 March, a delegation from Sudan was in Brazil to participate in a study visit organized by the Centre of Excellence against Hunger and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization. The purpose of the study visit was to exchange knowledge with the Brazilian government on the integration between school feeding and family farming. The Sudanese government has a pilot project in this area and wants to create a national school feeding policy.

The delegation of Sudan was composed of three government ministers and six other senior Sudanese government officials. They were accompanied by the director of WFP country office in Sudan, Adnan Khan, and WFP staff Maysaa Alghribawy, responsible for liaison with the Sudanese government. Abd Elghani Elnaim Awad Elkarim, Ambassador of Sudan to Brazil, also attended the study visit.

In order to understand the complex Brazilian system of social protection and the fight against hunger and poverty, the delegation participated in meetings with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the National Fund for the Development of Education, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Health, the National Supply Company (Conab) and the National Council for Food and Nutrition Security (CONSEA). They had the opportunity to talk to the Minister of Agrarian Development, Patrus Ananias, and the National Secretary of Food and Nutritional Security of the Ministry of Social Development and Fight against Hunger, Arnoldo de Campos.

At the meeting with minister Ananias, Adam Abdalla Al-Nour Mohammed, Minister of Education of Sudan, said: "Brazil is one of the most successful cases worldwide of economic development and fight against poverty and hunger. It is a great chance for us to see for ourselves how Brazil has achieved it." The minister also stressed the similarities between Sudan and Brazil: "We have a situation similar to that of Brazil. We are a large country with a lot of land and natural resources, but we have food deficit despite these numerous resources. We want to establish a strategic cooperative relationship with Brazil to see how Brazil reached such good results in a short period of time."

Click here to see more pictures of the Sudan study visit.

Field trip

After meeting the political and institutional framework that underpin the implementation of programmes that integrate the Brazilian Zero Hunger strategy, especially the National School Feeding Programme (PNAE), the Sudanese delegation participated in two field visits. At first, they visited Ceasa, central market for distribution of agricultural products in the Federal District. In Ceasa, delegates were able to see the markets for flower, organic products and fish, in addition to the Food Bank, a government agency that receives food products that are not in ideal condition for marketing and distributes them to social assistance entities.

They visited a public school in a poor community in the Federal District, known as Structural City, where they talked with teachers, cooks, the school director and the nutritionist responsible for school feeding. As part of the National School Feeding Programme (PNAE), the school buys food from family farmers, mostly fruits, vegetables and yogurt. After that, the delegation had lunch in the Structural’s Popular Restaurant, which is part of the Brazilian government's strategy to increase access to nutritious food for a fair price.

On the second day of field visit, the Sudanese were accompanied by technicians of the Technical Assistance and Rural Extension Enterprise (Emater-DF), partner of the Center of Excellence, to visit family farmers and an agricultural cooperative. They visited the Association of Rural Producers of Alexandre Gusmão, in Brazlândia, the Federal District, which includes 400 family farmers and provides food for the PNAE and the Food Acquisition Program (PAA).

With this visit, the Sudanese delegation could understand the steps required for the organization of the farmers in order to comply with all governmental requirements to supply food for governmental programmes, such as the PNAE and the PAA. They were also able to verify the importance of technical assistance to improve agricultural production.

At the end of study visit, the delegation of Sudan has prepared an action plan, which will be validated by the Sudanese government and will have the support of the Centre of Excellence for implementation.

The Centre of Excellence against Hunger hosted a study visit for a delegation from Sudan, composed of three State ministers and six other high-ranking officers of the Sudanese government. They were in Brasília for five days to learn about the Brazilian experience in fighting hunger and poverty.

The Centre of Excellence against Hunger and the Ministry of Social Development and Fight against Hunger (MDS) launched a series of videos about the various programmes that help the population of the Brazilian semiarid find solutions to cope with the long periods of drought, characteristic of the region. The videos show the construction of rainwater catchment tanks programme for human consumption and for agricultural production and other programmes designed to ensure family farmers’ access to markets and improve their living conditions.

The videos were released in Portuguese in December and now are available with subtitles in English, French and Spanish. With beautiful images and touching testimonials, videos show how the Bolsa Familia, rainwater catchment tanks, electricity and the commercialization of food to the Food Acquisition Program (PAA) and the National School Feeding Programme (PNAE) transformed the lives of the people living in the semiarid.

"First, we built the tank to store water for consumption, and we started to drink clean water, then the electricity arrived, it was a joy," says Juvita da Cruz, a smallholder farmer from the town of Uauá, in Bahia state. "Today I am proud to say that I am a farmer (...) because we have quality of life, the children study, we have our own transportation, guaranteed access to market," explains José Soares Simão smallholder farmer from Juazeiro do Norte, a municipality in Ceará state.

The videos are part of the reference material used by the Centre of Excellence to show other developing countries how the Brazilian social programmes are complementary and the impact they have on people's lives. They were produced as part of the Partnership for National Social Development Initiative (PNSDI), developed by the Centre of Excellence against Hunger in partnership with the MDS and the UK Department for International Development (DFID).



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A special series of videos show how Brazilians are now coping with the drought in the semiarid Northeast region of the country thanks to the investment in a simple and revolutionary solution: rainwater tanks programme for human consumption and for agricultural production. 



From 9 to 13 February, a delegation of staff members of the Haitian Ministry of Agriculture was in Brazil for a study visit organized by the Centre of Excellence against Hunger, in partnership with the World Bank. The purpose of the visit was to understand the main Brazilian strategies for strengthening agricultural production, especially family farming, as a way to achieve food and nutritional security.

During the opening session of the study visit, held at World Bank headquarters in Brasilia, the director of the Center of Excellence, Daniel Balaban, said: "Brazil is one of the largest agricultural producers in the world, with records on grain production, but most of this production is for export. The food that feed most of the Brazilians comes from smallholder farmers. "

Diego Arias, senior economist of the World Bank in Brazil, said the delegation would see firsthand "the Brazilian programmes so they could serve as inspiration for the improvement of Haitian programmes to develop agriculture." According to the Haitian delegation, the visit to Brazil would help the country to develop a strategy to meet the growing demand for food, improve the income of farmers in a sustainable way and promote rational environmental management.

Field trip

The visitors had the opportunity to understand how Brazil has created a structured demand for products from smallholder farms through institutional purchases, especially through the National School Feeding Programme (PNAE) and the Food Acquisition Program. They could also go to the field to see rural technical assistance initiatives to support farmers in improving productivity, promoting cooperatives and facilitating farmers' access to governmental programmes of credit and institutional purchases. Technical assistance is provided by the Technical Assistance and Rural Extension Enterprise of the Federal District (Emater-DF), a partner of the Centre.

The field visit took place in Planaltina, municipality of the Federal District, in the Taquara community. They were able to talk with the president of a cooperative, Ivan Engler, and visit his 9-acre property, where he produces passion fruit, lemon, cabbage, kale, sweet potato and others. They discussed the importance of associations and farmer participation in government procurement programs. "With the cooperative, producers receive a fair price for the goods. The Emater-DF has provided critical support for us to choose what to plant and how to efficiently plant it," said Engler. The cooperative has 54 members.

The Haitian delegation also participated in meetings with the National Fund for the Development of Education (FNDE), responsible for PNAE; with the Ministry of Social Development and Fight against Hunger (MDS), responsible for the Bolsa Familia and other social programmes; with the National Supply Company (Conab); with the National Council of Food and Nutrition Security (CONSEA); and the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa).


At the closing session, the delegation of Haiti presented its views on the study visit. They highlighted as positive points of what they saw in Brazil: the technical assistance to smallholder farmers, the coordination between various ministries to fulfill the food security and school feeding policies, the concern with the nutritional value of school meals, the sound legislation, and the active participation of different stakeholders (academia, civil society, government) in the implementation of social policies.

The ambassador of Haiti to Brazil, Madsen Cherubin, thanked for the opportunity and stated that the issue of food security is a priority for the Haitian government. The director of the Centre of Excellence, Daniel Balaban, also stressed the importance of exchanging experiences between the two countries. "Haiti is very important for Brazil and the World Food Programme. We are here to support you in any way. We hope this is a first collaboration stage between WFP, the World Bank and the government of Brazil. If you believe that it is possible, everything is possible. With political commitment, everything is possible," Balaban said.

The head of the Haitian delegation, Edie Charles, Deputy Director-General of the Ministry of Agriculture, said he was optimistic about the challenges they need to overcome. "Here in Brazil we have seen that it is possible to promote family farming through school feeding. Consume what we produce and produce what we consume, with an emphasis on local production. That is what we want to build in Haiti and this can be done through education," he said.

According to Charles, the biggest challenges today in Haiti to fight hunger are the unequal access to food, lack of investment and stimulus for domestic agricultural production, the strong influence of foreign products, which are cheaper than local ones, and the lack of inter-ministerial policy coordination.

"After this visit to Brazil, we will consolidate and support policies for smallholder farmers in our country, we are committed to involving other ministries and we will request more technical support from WFP," he concluded.

A Haitian delegation from the Ministry of Agriculture came to Brazil to learn how to connect school feeding and family farming towards implementing a new project in the country; the visit was organized in a first time partnership between the WFP Centre of Excellence against Hunger and the World Bank. 

The WFP Centre of Excellence against Hunger is selecting an intern to support Human Resources and Administration activities carried out by in its office in Brasília.

General tasks will include: update and organize personnel files, ensure that relevant documentation and information are kept in their respective files; support the preparation of HR and administrative reports, draft routine correspondence and take notes at meetings; search for, retrieve, compile, assemble and archive a variety of human resources and administrative data from computer files, records, reports or from other sources; assist in the coordination of recruitment and selection processes and backstop the HR Focal Point as appropriate.

The Centre is looking for an intern enrolled in an undergraduate or graduate degree programme from a recognized university in one of the following areas: Human Resources, Administration, and other related areas. The intern must have attended courses in the last 12 months and have completed at least two years undergraduate studies.

Fluency in spoken and written Portuguese and English is required; knowledge of other UN languages is an asset. 

Internships with WFP provide an opportunity for the students to gain experience of the United Nations and more particularly of the World Food Programme. It also provides an opportunity for students to gain valuable experience working in an international professional environment and provides exposure to a truly global humanitarian organisation.

If you think you are the perfect candidate, click here for more information and send us your application until January 31.


The Centre looks for a Human Resources intern with fluency in English and Portuguese. Apllications must be sent until January 31.

On 12 December, after many months of mobilization, the São Paulo City Hall awarded six schools of the municipality with Education Beyond the Plate Award. Organized by the Department of School Feeding of the Municipal Secretariat of Education, the award aimed at recognizing the role of school cooks and mobilized the school community around healthy food. 

All schools in the municipality were invited to present their projects to mobilize students, teachers, employees, and parents, and an innovative recipe based on the use of fruits and vegetables. The award had two categories: hot dishes and cold dishes. A total of 300 schools presented projects, including three indigenous schools. After the analysis of the mobilization processes and the recipes, 26 finalists were selected, two from each of the 13 regions of the city.

The Centre of Excellence against Hunger partnered with São Paulo municipality to realize this award to carry out the award and offer the winners a trip to participate in an international seminar on school feeding in a country in Africa. The winners in the categories hot dish and cold dish will have the opportunity to share their initiatives with other countries and to get to know other school feeding experiences. Schools that were second place in each category will attend a study visit organized by the Centre in Brazil. 

The 26 finalists’ recipes will be part of a book of school meal recipes and will enter the official menu of the municipality. All schools classified from first to third place in both categories will win a renovation project for the creation of a space for school feeding and health. 

Erika Fischer, director of the Department of School Feeding, said during the ceremony that “this initiative promotes the union among actors of the educational community that are not always together: students, families, teachers, and school cooks”. She also highlighted that all 26 finalists school cooks participated in a course of gastronomic techniques, offered by the National Commerce Social Service, one of the most traditional cooking schools in Brazil.

Exchange of experiences

The mayor of São Paulo, Fernando Haddad, attended the award ceremony along with representatives of the 26 finalist schools. In his speech, the mayor talked about the importance of school feeding: “everyday Brazil feeds 43 million students at school. Every student in Brazil receives school feeding, and this is a very recent accomplishment in our country”. Referring to the director of the Centre of Excellence against Hunger, Daniel Balaban, Haddad also said: “the impact of it is so positive that the UN invited the former president of the National Fund for the Development of Education to take our social technology to the rest of the world.”

The designer of the trophy and his mother

O designer do troféu do prêmio Augusto Miranda e sua mãe, Ana Miranda.
Photo: WFP/Isadora Ferreira

The first-lady of São Paulo, Ana Estela Haddad, coordinator of an initiative to improve wellbeing of children in the municipality, and the municipal secretary of Education, César Callegari, also attended the event. Callegari said that “taking the school cooks to an international trip to help countries that still need to advance in assuring quality food for everyone is the best tribute we can pay to them”. 

The São Paulo City Hall invited two local designers to prepare the award trophies, big plates decorated with beautiful illustrations. André Gola and Augusto Miranda prepared three different drawings each, for the first, second, and third places in the two award categories. During the award ceremony, Augusto Miranda told that when he received the invitation to illustrate the plates he didn’t hesitate: “in one way or the other, all of my family worked in the field of education, but my true inspiration was my mom, who used to be a school cook”. Obviously, Ana Miranda, mother of Augusto, was also at the award ceremony to see her son shine.

The WFP Centre of Excellence against Hunger partnered with São Paulo municipality to organize the Education Beyond the Plate Award aimed at recognizing the role of school cooks and healthy food. From 300 schools, 6 were selected as winners. They won a trip to participate in an international seminar on school feeding in a country in Africa. 

The Gambia became a stage for debates about social protection strategies from 2 to 4 December, when three different events took place in Banjul. The government of The Gambia organized an event to validate the country’s National School Feeding Action Plan, and held the Third National Consultative Forum on Social Protection. The country also hosted a technical workshop on how to build synergies in social protection programmes, for participants from Ethiopia, Brazil, Mozambique, Kenya, and The Gambia.

In 2012, WFP and the government of The Gambia reached a common agreement on a transition from a donor-supported towards a fully nationally owned school feeding programme, by 2020. The government requested support from the Brazilian government and the WFP Centre of Excellence to implement the country’s strategies to establish the foundation for this programme. 

The process is underway for the development of a National School Feeding Policy, led by the Ministry of Basic and Secondary Education. Initiatives such as the development of regional capacities for school feeding management, the establishment of school gardens in over 100 schools, and the mobilization of resources are already happening, and a local procurement feasibility study was conducted nation-wide. 

A consultant did an independent assessment of the programme in November 2014, and based on the findings the School Feeding Action Plan was updated. To present this new action plan to relevant stakeholders, the government of The Gambia organized a meeting on 2 December, when participants agreed on the priorities for 2014 to 2016 and discussed the technical assistance to the National School Feeding Programme by the WFP Centre of Excellence during the transition process. Participants also validated the consolidated action plan.

Social Protection

The Third National Consultative Forum on Social Protection took place in 3 December, and the main theme was Social protection: making it work for families. The opening ceremony had the participation of The Gambia’s vice-president and minister of Women’s Affair, Dr. Aja Isatou Njie-Saidy, the ministers of Health and Social Welfare, Finance and Economic Affairs, and Agriculture, and the Centre of Excellence’s head of programme, Christiani Buani.

In her keynote speech, the vice-president said that providing social protection is the ultimate goal of the government and its partners, especially for the most vulnerable families. She highlighted that social protection requires the government to establish more resilient and inclusive programmes and systems anchored on four key elements: poverty and risk reduction; inclusive growth and capacity building; human security as a basic right; and contribution to the fulfilment of the Millennium Development Goals.

Christiani Buani said that putting in place effective social protection systems with investments in safety nets have proved to be a crucial strategy to promote food and nutrition security and to fight hunger and poverty. She highlighted that south-south cooperation is a vital tool to promote the exchange of innovative solutions between countries that are building their paths towards sustainable development and stressed the commitment of the Centre to work together with these countries to build sustainable and nationally owned programmes and policies for social protection.

After presentations and debates on the status of the Gambian programmes and on the participation of civil society, participants made key recommendations. The recommendations include: the need for a new institutional arrangement and the creation of a ministry for social development, following Brazil’s example; the need for the creation of an inclusive social protection programme that contemplates persons with disabilities and living with HIV/AIDS; the focus on the most vulnerable populations; and the strengthening of institutional capacities of those in the frontline of social protection service delivery in the Gambia, especially the Department of Social Welfare.

South-south policy dialogue

On December 4, The Gambia hosted the first technical workshop of the Partnership for National Social Development Initiatives (PNSDI), a partnership between the WFP Centre of Excellence against Hunger, DFID and the Brazilian Ministry of Social Development and Fight against Hunger (MDS). The project aims to support the establishment of social development programmes to reduce poverty and hunger in developing countries through south-south cooperation.

The project works with five countries, and four of them were present at the workshop: the Gambia, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Mozambique. Participants presented their social protection national strategies and discussed ways of creating synergies among programmes. They pointed out the mains challenges involved in bringing together social protection initiatives conducted by different governmental areas, such as agriculture, health, and education.

Another topic of discussion was the participation of non-governmental actors, their potential roles and the opportunities they create. Countries’ representatives also highlighted how the PNSDI project can support their ongoing processes of creating new approaches for social protection.

Brazil was represented in the event by the National Council of Food and Nutritional Security (CONSEA), the International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth, and the Centre of Excellence against Hunger. The WFP regional office for West Africa, UNICEF also sent representatives to the event. The next technical workshop will happen in March, 2015. 


Three events took place in The Gambia, from 2 to 4 December, to promote social protection. The country hold a meeting about the progress towards a National School Feeding Policy, a Third National Consultative Forum on Social Protection and a technical workshop on how to build synergies in social protection programmes. Participants from Brazil, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Kenya and The Gambia were present.